need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, Andy Cuomo wants to upgrade the south parkway so tourists can more easily park, dine, sightsee, buy souvenirs and then exit the Niagara Falls State Park without having need or reason to enter the city.
The City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council is seeking a suitable producer compliance scheme to collect, reuse and recycle the districts WEEE and Battery waste.It is anticipated that the arrangements will come into place in April 2015 and will be for an initial 3 year period with the option to extend for a further 2 1-year periods subject to the council still having need for the service and contractor performance.
The contract is expected to be effective from January 2014 and will be for a period of three years with the option to extend by a further two one year periods subject to the Council still having need for the contract and satisfactory supplier performance.
The contract will be on a call off basis and will be for an initial period of 1 year with option to extend for two further one year periods subject to a satisfactory contract performance, agreed new rates and the council still having need for the contract.
Bradford District Council are looking for suitably experienced and qualified companies for the following within the Bradford Metropolitan District.1) the supply and installation of traffic signal equipment and controllers as required throughout the life of the contract.2) the supply and installation of UTMC compliant variable message signs, to include all civils works associated with the signs.The contract will be on a call off basis and will be for an initial period of 1 year with option to extend for two further one year periods subject to a satisfactory contract performance, agreed new rates and the council still having need for the contract.
The City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council is seeking suitably experienced and qualified supplier(s) for the Supply & Delivery of Fresh & Frozen Halal Meat & Poultry to the Council~s Central Production.Unit located in Bradford, and approximately 20 other catering locations throughout the Bradford Metropolitan District Area.The contract is expected to be effective from January 2014 and will be for a period of three years with the option to extend by a further two one year periods subject to the Council still having need for the contract and satisfactory supplier performance.
It is anticipated that the arrangements will come into place in September 2013 and will be for an initial 3 year period with the option to extend for a further two one year periods subject to the council still having need for the service and contractor performance.
The City of Bradford Metropolitan Council is looking for one provider to deliver two Lots as set out below.Lot 1 - Accommodation Based Support for Refugees.Lot 2 - Floating Support for Refugees.The Contract(s) will be for a period of 3 years with the option to extend for an additional one year period subject to the Council having need for the service and supplier performance.Further details of the requirements will be specified within the tender document and will be made available via the regional tendering www.yortender.c
Glass, cans and plastic bottles from the Councils kerbside collection service.It is anticipated that the arrangements will come into place in September 2013 and will be for an initial three year period with the option to extend for a further two one year periods subject to the council still having need for the service and contractor performance.
It is anticipated that the arrangements will come into place in 2013 and will be for an initial three year period with the option to extend for a further one year period subject to the Council still having need for the service and contractor performance.
She feels selfish for having needs of her own, and attributes this unhealthy attitude to neglectful Leona, whom she both loves and hates.
The Lilywhites cruised to an impressive derby win over the Latics with Maguire having needed just six minutes to get on the scoresheet.