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falconry (fôlˈkənrē, fôˈ–, fălˈ–), sport of hunting birds or small animals with falcons or other types of hawks; eagles are used in some parts of the world. It was known to the ancient Chinese, Persians, and Egyptians. Falconry probably spread from Asia to Eastern Europe and then to Western Europe. It became one of the chief sports of royalty and the nobility and attained its greatest popularity in late medieval and early modern Europe. After the 17th cent., falconry declined, and subsequent revivals never brought it into the favor it once enjoyed. It has limited popularity in W Europe, S Asia, and Japan. Falconry has never been very popular in the United States, largely because the laws of many states prohibit the employment of hawks to kill game. The birds, usually peregrine falcons, employed by falconers are taken when young from their nests. They are subjected to a rigorous course of training, in which they learn to fly, when released, at the quarry; to leave the prey untouched after killing it; and to sit quietly, when hooded, on the falconer's wrist.


See F. Illingworth, Falcons and Falconry (2d ed. 1964); F. Beebe, A Falconry Manual (1984); P. Glasier, Falconry and Hawking (3d ed. 1998).

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Stephen William. born 1942, British physicist. Stricken with a progressive nervous disease since the 1960s, he has nevertheless been a leader in cosmological theory. His A Brief History of Time (1987) was a bestseller
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A memorial stone will lie above inscribed, "Here lies what was mortal of Stephen Hawking 1942 - 2018".
Even as ALS confined him to a wheelchair by the 1970s, Hawking began to contemplate the ideas behind the concept he's most famous for: Hawking radiation.
A recipient of numerous awards and author of the bestselling book A Brief History of Time, Hawking also showed a playful side, guest starring on popular TV shows such as the Big Bang Theory.
Hawking has often been compared to Nobel laureate Albert Einstein, and he died on the 139th anniversary of Einstein's birth.
Earlier Benedict Cumberbatch - who played Prof Hawking on-screen - calling the physicist "a true inspiration for me and for millions".
Hawking overcame severe disability and difficulty to give us a new understanding of human possibility," he said.
Hawking, was known for his groundbreaking work with black holes and relativity, and was the author of several popular science books including A Brief History of Time.
Born in Oxford on Jan.8, 1942, Stephen William Hawking grew up in London and St Albans.
"Hawking starts film as an able-bodied, fresh-faced, young man of 21, with whole world in front of him," says Jan Sewell, hair, makeup and prosthetic designer.
The rest of the movie shows that as Hawking rose to fame, thanks largely to his book A Brief History of Time, he and Jane were battling through a tumultuous 25-year marriage.
Perhaps there is no better "subject of research" than Hawking, a man who has been constructed by many actors and networks as a unique genius, and as an indisputable example of the triumph of immaterial mind over material body.
Les Miserables star Eddie, 31, chatted to passers-by who stopped to watch filming of the Hawking biopic.

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