Haylage


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Haylage

 

(also grass silage), a feed prepared from grasses dried to a 50–55 percent moisture content and preserved in airtight conditions. Grasses from natural grasslands and cultivated grasses are used in haylage. Legumes must be harvested no later than the onset of flowering, and cereals are harvested in the heading phase. Legume hay crops are crushed to accelerate drying; the dried grass is then chopped up by pickup choppers or special combines with pickup units.

Sealed metal or reinforced-concrete vertical containers, or silos, are used to store the haylage; brick and concrete vertical silos are also used. In upright silos 16–18 m tall the haylage is compacted by its own weight. In low vertical silos the crop is compressed by compactors, and in trenches the haylage is compacted by crawlers (Caterpillar tractors). The feed is stored in a dry environment to prevent active development of bacteria and sealed to preclude the development of mold.

One hundred kg of clover haylage has approximately 35–40 feed units, 4–5 kg of digestible protein, 450–460 g of calcium, 200–220 g of phosphorus, and 3,000–4,000 mg of carotene. Haylage is a loose feed, which makes mechanized distribution easy. It does not freeze owing to its low moisture content. Haylage can replace silage and hay completely in the diet of cattle.

N. K. EVSEEV

References in periodicals archive ?
An inquest at Llangefni heard Mr Jones, 54, of Brynsiencyn, had been asked by farm owner John Roberts to feed animals with six haylage bales.
In a grass-fed operation they are on pasture year-round, so when using supplements those are all fed out on the pasture or fed haylage on pasture," says Lewis.
Crops have changed, with silage and then haylage largely replacing hay, while the small plots of swedes, mangolds and poatoes have gone.
Three horse boxes, worth around pounds 30,000, were burned out and a store of haylage was destroyed.
THE charity is also appealing for help after the price of haylage has gone up this winter.
3) TMR contained alfalfa hay, alfalfa haylage, brome grass hay, corn silage, flaked corn, USU commodity mix, whole cotton seed, soy plus, custom yeast, beet pulp, molasses, and EnrGII 18.
individual, association, firm, or corporation actively engaged in growing, producing, handling, processing, or purchasing alfalfa/forage hay or haylage, or alfalfa seed in the United States or in supplying goods or commercial services to producers of alfalfa/forage hay or haylage, or alfalfa seed in the United States.
Table 17-2 is an example of forage requirements calculated for a 600-cow herd feeding a 50:50 corn silage and alfalfa haylage diet, 504 milk cows (4 rations), 96 dry cows (2 rations) and 550 heifers (3 rations), with a 15 percent harvest loss.
Each farm would have 500 acres of cropland comprised of 250 acres of hay or haylage and 250 acres of corn, of which 150 acres would be harvested for corn silage and 100 acres for grain.
Washford is expected to supplant Belford and to be used primarily for hay production, but also for grazing, haylage, and silage for ruminant livestock.
It is an excellent match for the Gehl Bunker Buster II attachment for silage and haylage.