dormouse

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Related to hazel dormice: Gliridae, common dormouse

dormouse,

name for Old World nocturnal rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Gliridae. There are many dormouse species, classified in several genera. Many resemble small squirrels. Dormice sleep deeply during the day, and European species hibernate for nearly six months of the year; their name is derived from the French dormir, "to sleep." Best known is the common dormouse, or hazelmouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, of Europe and W Asia, which resembles a mouse with a bushy tail. It is up to 4 in. (10 cm) long excluding the 2-in. (5-cm) tail, with rounded ears, large eyes, and thick, soft, reddish brown fur. Social animals, hazelmice build neighboring nests of leaves and grasses in bushes and thickets. They feed on insects, berries, seeds, and nuts, and are especially partial to hazelnuts. The European, or fat, dormouse, Glis glis, is the largest of the family reaching a length of 8 in. (20 cm) excluding the tail; it has a very thick coat of grayish fur and becomes extremely fat in autumn. It is found in forested regions of Europe and W Asia and lives in hollow trees. The ancient Romans raised it in captivity for food. There are many dormouse species in Africa. The spiny dormice of S Asia belong to a different rodent family, the Platacanthomyidae; they have spines mixed with their fur. The desert dormouse (Selevinia betpakolalensis) is placed in its own family, Seleviniidae. True dormice are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Gliridae.

dormouse

[′dȯr‚mau̇s]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name applied to members of the family Gliridae; they are Old World arboreal rodents intermediate between squirrels and rats.

dormouse

snoozes all through the mad tea-party. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
See: Sleep

dormouse

any small Old World rodent of the family Gliridae, esp the Eurasian Muscardinus avellanarius, resembling a mouse with a furry tail
References in periodicals archive ?
Acquiring more knowledge about the impact of roads and roadside habitats on the life and population structure of hazel dormice is crucial for a realistic assessment of environmental factors governing the development of populations, as well as for effective action plans and roadside management (Buchner & Lang 2014).
Even though roads like the A21 are not necessarily barriers to gene flow, one cannot conclude that they have no negative effect at all for single hazel dormice, as it is not known how high mortality rates are among those that attempt to cross.
2012: The importance of hedgerows for hazel dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius) in Northern Germany.
In total, hazel dormice were recorded in 150 such squares until 2018.
Hazel dormouse could be even extinct in Estonia, because the last time this species was recorded in 1990 (Estonian eBiodiversity 2018), and hazel dormice were not found during special search in 2009 (Jaik 2010).
The number of hazel dormice fell by 20% between 1991 and 2000 HATTIE SPRAY/PTES
The People's Trust for Endangered Species will receive pounds 180,000 for work to restore hedgerows in a bid to reconnect isolated populations of hazel dormice and reverse the two-thirds decline in the species seen since the 1970s.
Predation of hazel dormice by wild or feral boar is most likely to occur during winter months due to boar rooting behaviour whilst dormouse are hibernating at ground level.
In our study site hazel dormice seem to be able to compensate losses on roads due to good habitat quality and effective reproduction.
Why were we able to find numerous different crossing animals, while other studies claim the inability of hazel dormice to cross (major) roads?
The occurrence of hazel dormice on some islands in the Baltic Sea raises the question about the origin of these long isolated populations.
Populations of hazel dormice known from southern Sweden and Denmark are even closer about 75 and 100 km away, respectively.