(centimeters; n = 8,311), triceps skinfold thickness (millimeters; n = 6,188), and subscapular skinfold thickness (millimeters; n = 6,169) of the offspring were measured by trained hospital personal within the first 24-72 hr after delivery (West et al.
Microcephaly may stem from a variety of conditions that cause abnormal growth of the brain during gestation or degenerative processes after birth, all resulting in a small head circumference
Children born at term were a bit bigger, an average of about 38 kg and 142 cm tall, with a head circumference
of 55 cm.
Measurement of head circumference
is crucial in diagnosing developing hydrocephalus in these children, as the presence of an open fontanelle and sutures may sometimes mask the more obvious signs of raised ICP, and result in a surprisingly clinically healthy child despite significant pathology.
These variables, which were compared to assure similarity of the two groups, included gender, gestational age, birth weight, birth head circumference
, birth length, Apgar scores, number of small for gestational age babies, maternal chorioamnionitis, nosocomial infections, antenatal steroid use, percentage of babies transported in, use of high calorie formula, and early intervention therapies.
Salihu said head circumference
has been associated with IQ, although the link is indirect.
The Redbook PCHR is a standard document used to record a child's development (weight and height gain, head circumference
, immunisations etc), and is the simple means by which different professionals (health visitors, GPs, social workers, hospital, A&E) can easily share information about a child's health and development.
Furthermore, compared to women working less than 25 hours per week, women working 25-39 hours, and more than 40 hours had lower growth rates for both fetal weight and head circumference
, resulting in a difference of approximately 1cm in head circumference
at birth and a difference of 148g-198g in birth weight.
The parameters of growth are height, weight and head circumference
, and are particularly important to be observed.
An increased head circumference
may be a reflection of chronically raised intracranial pressure.
Macroencephaly, defined as a head circumference
greater than the 97th percentile, is a common physical characteristic of children with autism spectrum disorders, said Dr.
An 8-month old baby presented to the Paediatric Department with increasing head circumference
, above the 97th percentile, delayed motor milestones with an inability to sit, and neuro-developmental delay.