head of household


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head of household

traditionally the senior male of the household (i.e. ‘breadwinner’ in 19th-century terms), a tradition which has influenced social research definitions. In government surveys, the head of household has been defined as the man who is the owner or tenant of the house, or the man who lives with the woman who is the owner or tenant of the house. Therefore ‘female-headed households’ are confined to women living alone, or women-headed single-parent households, or women who are the tenant or owner living with older people.

This definition of head of household has consequences for the analysis of household situation: should members of a household be ascribed a social position according to the economic and social status of the, usually male, head of household? The debate on this overlaps with the debate on how social CLASS should be defined. In social surveys social class is measured by such variables as occupation (current job, job grade, responsibility in job), and/or education (highest qualification level achieved) and/or housing status. Should these variables be measured for the head of household and his social class then be assigned to all other members of the household? Can social class as measured in this way be assigned to other members of the family, e.g. the woman he lives with, ‘his’ children, etc? Alternatively, is social class an individual attribute measured for each adult's own occupational, educational and housing status? Or, should social class be measured for the household through considering these variables for both male and female adults in the household?

Such questions have important repercussions for policy. In the collection of poverty statistics in the UK, it is assumed that resources are shared equitably within the family. If the head of household earns sufficient then the entire household is above the poverty line. However, many researchers have challenged this assumption and argued that although in some families resources may be equitably distributed, in others they are not and women and children may be living below the poverty line in families that appear adequately resourced by government criteria. See also WOMEN-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS, CLASS DEALIGNMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the findings of Zu et al.'s study (2015) and Yacout and Hefny's research (2015) were also in line with the finding of this study about the head of household's preference for the individual decision-making over the collective decision-making.
The study supports an interesting relationship between gender of the head of household and work decision of children.
Table 1 Distribution of Living Arrangements of Never-Married Women Aged 30-34 and 40-44 in Thailand, 1970 and 1990 (Percentages) 1970 1990 30-34 40-44 30-34 40-44 Head of household 12.0 22.3 14.7 25.0 Single person 2.8 4.5 4.9 8.5 Others 9.3 17.8 9.8 16.5 Household headed by relative 78.5 70.3 78.4 69.5 Parent 53.4 39.5 59.3 46.7 Other relative 25.1 30.8 19.0 22.8 Household headed by non-relative 9.5 7.3 6.9 5.5 Unweighted N 3,221 944 3,487 1,040 Change (1970-90) 30-34 40-44 Head of household 2.7 2.7 Single person 2.1 4.0 Others 0.6 -1.3 Household headed by relative -0.1 -0.8 Parent 6.0 7.2 Other relative -6.1 -8.0 Household headed by non-relative -2.6 -1.9 Unweighted N n.a.
Head of household: Undergraduate or above Executives, managers, top professionals Own house or apartment
Exhibit 2 shows that a single parent filing as head of household is most susceptible to the AMT system.
We use Gini coefficients and regression analysis to estimate income differences by head of household age, education, gender, and nationality.
The mean family APGAR score per family and the female head of household family APGAR score showed higher correlation with more outcome measures than did individual family APGAR scores.
Married couples filing their tax returns jointly have fared the worst of three groups: single, head of household and married filing jointly.
Despite being picked to play in the veto by nominee Steve, he chose not to use the power to change Head of Household Tyler's picks, according to (http://bigbrothernetwork.com/big-brother-20-live-feeds-highlights-2018-07-01/) Big Brother Network .
CDC analyzed 2011-2014 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to obtain estimates of childhood obesity prevalence by household income ([less than or equal to] 130%, >130% to [less than or equal to] 350%, and >350% of the federal poverty level [FPL]) and head of household education level (high school graduate or less, some college, and college graduate).

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