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practice of taking and preserving the head of a slain enemy. It has occurred throughout the world from ancient times into the 20th cent. In Europe, it flourished in the Balkans until the early 20th cent. The practice often has magico-religious motives. Head-hunting tribes usually believe that there is soul matter concentrated in the head; taking the head of an enemy not only adds to the totality of soul matter in one's community, it also weakens the power of the enemy. As a particularly gruesome symbol of victory, such trophies may also intimidate enemies and potential enemies. In addition, heads are secured as tokens of courage and manhood. In many societies, young men are allowed to marry only after they have taken their first head, and for each trophy they may wear a distinctive feather or special tattoo. In some parts of the world, notably among the natives of North America, the scalp alone was taken (see scalpingscalping,
taking the scalp of an enemy. The custom, comparable to head-hunting, was formerly practiced in Europe and Asia (Herodotus describes its practice by the Scythians, for example), but it is generally associated with North American natives, although many such groups did
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), and the hair was often used in the making of amulets (see amuletamulet
, object or formula that credulity and superstition have endowed with the power of warding off harmful influences. The use of the amulet to avert danger and to dispel evil has been known in different religions and among diverse peoples.
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). Heads may be mummified in various ways, as in New Guinea, where both skull and skin are preserved, or among the Jívaro of South America, where the skin alone is preserved to produce a so-called shrunken head. An increase in head-hunting and concomitant warfare is often associated with the penetration of Westerners who like to buy and collect these trophies. See also cannibalismcannibalism
[Span. caníbal, referring to the Carib], eating of human flesh by other humans. The charge of cannibalism is a common insult, and it is likely that some alleged cannibal groups have merely been victims of popular fear and misrepresentation.
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See M. Harner, The Jivaro (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


1. the practice among certain peoples of removing the heads of slain enemies and preserving them as trophies
2. US slang the destruction or neutralization of political opponents
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
And when the headhunter's call comes, it is from a person who has already heard about your skills and abilities.
We look forward to living up to these expectations and hope to make them all happy along with our clients and employees." said Mikhail Zhukov, CEO of HeadHunter.
After confirming a headhunter had been appointed at a cost of PS18,000, he added: "That is why we placed our own advert first.
During that time HeadHunter's monthly audience has grown from 4m to 19m unique users, its resume database has increased from 3m to 19.7m, and its vacancy database has grown from 70,000 to 300,000.
The firm was sued for bypassing a headhunter and refusing to pay the firm for recruiting bankers.
As PBA chair Pato Gregorio announced during the Palawan board meeting, all the nominees for commissioner will be invited to an interview by the headhunter.
The Headhunter's limbs are made with industry standard Gordon Glass materials and machined into their solid form (not split).
My next job, at Ogilvy, was again via a headhunter collecting books for a creative director.
Just as Girl With The Dragon Tattoo gripped with excitement and darkness, so Headhunters is an intricate, edge-of-the-seat thriller.
HEADHUNTERS (Hodejegerne) (Cert 15, 96 mins) Momentum Pictures Home Entertainment, Thriller/ Action, also available to buy DVD pounds 17.99/Blu-ray pounds 19.99 Roger Brown (Aksel Hennie) is a corporate headhunter who places great stock in his reputation.
HEADHUNTERS (15, 100 MINS) ROGER Brown (Aksel Hennie) is a corporate headhunter, who places great stock in his reputation.