Using the thermodynamic equation for the rate of heat release
in a reaction, Diederichs derives the heat production rate in muscle cells by metabolic delivery pathways such as GLY (pathway of Glgen and Glu) plus PAL (pathway of Palm) or PCr hydrolysis.
He also demonstrates heat release
, specific heat release
rate, and heat release
capacity as three important characteristics of polymer flammability.
The Fire is located at the center of the atrium as the most critical case for smoke layer height occurs when the fire is placed at the center of the atrium .The fire is simulated as unsteady fire with dimensions 2 m x 2 m, maximum heat release
rate 5 MW  and fast growth rate with 330 seconds ramp up time  Exhaust fans are sized to extract amount of smoke sufficient to keep the smoke layer at 22 meter from the base of fire according to the below equations
Natural-FR in third party laboratory testing has passed the following criteria for a flooring application, and is authorized for use in entrance matting in London Underground stations: smoke density, smoke toxicity, heat release
rate, flame spread, ignitability, and dry and wet slip resistance.
It is suitable for commercial aviation applications in cargo areas, seat interiors, lavatories, galleys or anywhere not requiring heat release
* The heat release
is calculated based on the first law of thermodynamics by taking the average value of pressure versus crank angle.
In addition, ignition and heat release
rate tests were performed for various PCM thicknesses.
Aiming at the 4135ACa engine's thermal parameters operating at the loading conditions of 800 rpm and 70 Nm, it is attainable to match calculating values (cylinder pressure curve and heat release
rate curve) and experiment values through adjusting the burning module of simulation models.
All processes mentioned above referred to a very small heat release
during the reaction, as well as to the almost absence of CO and C[O.sub.2] in the reaction products.