Hemarthrosis


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hemarthrosis

[‚hē·mär′thrō·səs]
(medicine)
Passage of blood into a joint.

Hemarthrosis

 

hemorrhage into a joint. Trauma is the most frequent cause of hemarthrosis. Hemarthrosis can be identified most clearly in the talocrural, anconal, and radiocarpal joints, and especially the knee joints. As a result of hemarthrosis the joint, after one or two hours, becomes swollen and painful, and movements in it are sharply limited; fluctuation can be felt upon palpation. Treatment for hemarthrosis includes rest, aspiration of the blood and application of an elastic bandage or removable plaster cast.

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Before injection, the hemophilia patients received 25 IU/kg factor replacement therapy to protect them from hemarthrosis. After injection, the joint was rested for 20 min, and the compression was applied with an elastic bandage to minimize any injection-related bleeding.
Results: When the complaints at presentation were examined, it was found that 27 (32%) patients had hemarthrosis, 24 (29%) patients had ecchymosis and hematoma, 13 (16%) patients had prolonged bleeding after trauma or cut, 10 (12%) patients had gingival, mouth or nose bleeding, 4 (5%) patients had prolonged bleeding after circumcision, 4 (5%) patients had gastrointestinal bleeding, 1 (1%) patient had hematuria.
The patients with severe form, experience spontaneous bleeding and hemorrhage after minor trauma about 1-6 times in a month, including hemarthrosis and intramuscular hemorrhage.
The patient applies to the clinic with the problem of hemarthrosis after the trauma in the knee.
Significant or positive bleeding history includes episodes of hemarthrosis, GI bleeding, and CNS hemorrhage.
Occasional hemosiderin-laden macrophages consistent with hemarthrosis were present.
When performed properly, complications of arthrocentesis to dogs are rare, but can include hemarthrosis, localized trauma, pain, and iatrogenic infection.
"According to the doctors at the Mountain Olympic Village Trelevsky suffers from Stieda's fracture, tear of lateral meniscus, hemarthrosis of a right knee-joint," Secretary General of the National Olympic Committee of Kyrgyzstan Kanat Amankulov reported.
In a study for the European Network of Rare Bleeding Disorders, (16) the distribution of the clinical bleeding severity in patients with FXIII deficiency varied, and 48.5% of patients had grade-3 bleeding, 6.1% had grade-2 bleeding, 6.1% had grade-1 bleeding, and 39.3% were asymptomatic, where grade-1 bleeding is bleeding that occurred after trauma or drug ingestion (antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy), grade 2 is spontaneous minor bleeding (bruising, ecchymosis, minor wounds, oral cavity bleeding, epistaxis, and menorrhagia), and grade 3 includes spontaneous major bleeding (intramuscular hematomas requiring hospitalization, hemarthrosis, and central nervous system, gastrointestinal, and umbilical cord bleeding).
Swelling, hemarthrosis, and multiligamentous injury may obfuscate assessment on physical exam [11].
Zhu, "Analysis of one case with Hemarthrosis of knee joint caused by Error treatment," Journal of Chinese Misdiagnostics, vol.
One is the widely accepted neurotrauma theory in which progressive destruction, hemarthrosis, synovial thickening, and secondary ligament laxity develop after recurrent traumas in the joints where normal pain perception and proprioception are impaired.