Hemiplegia

(redirected from hemiplegic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hemiplegic: hemiplegic gait, Diplegic

hemiplegia

[‚hē·mə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Unilateral paralysis of the body.

Hemiplegia

 

complete loss of voluntary movements in the arm and leg on one side. There are organic and functional hemiplegias.

Organic hemiplegia may arise from disruption of the cerebral blood circulation (hemorrhage in the brain, thrombosis or embolism of the cerebral blood vessels), tumor, or inflammatory diseases of the brain (such as encephalitis and arachnoiditis). Functional hemiplegia is caused by hysteria. Organic hemiplegia results from injury by a pathological process to the motor pyramidal system (the nerve formation extending from the cerebral cortex to the anterior horns of the spinal cord). In organic hemiplegia, muscle tone and tendon reflexes increase in the paralyzed limbs, and pathological reflexes are formed. The absence of movements in the limbs is combined with partial dysfunction of the mimetic muscles on the same side, occasionally on the other side. Cyanosis, edema, and coldness of the limbs often appear on the affected side. These symptoms are absent in functional hemiplagia. Normal movements may be restored, depending on the nature of the process and degree of involvement of the pyramidal system. Hemiplegia sometimes has residual effects. Functional hemiplegia disappears without a trace.

Treatment consists of elimination of the main disease responsible for the hemiplegia. Early use of massage and exercise therapy is essential. Nervous system stimulants and agents that decrease muscle tone are administered.

REFERENCE

Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po nevrologii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1962. Pages 92-101.

V. S. ROTENBERG

References in periodicals archive ?
In view of the aforementioned factors, we conclude that both TENS and hot pack therapies potentially contribute to the modulation of hemiplegic shoulder pain in stroke patients within six weeks of rehabilitation and both could become handy in augmenting other forms of management.
However, the group of children with CP was mixed in diagnostic categories that is, children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy were included with children with quadriplegia, athetoisis and ataxia.
Data for hemiplegic patients retrieved from hospital registers and information obtained from patients and their relatives were included in the analysis.
Demographic features of patients including age, Body Mass Index, hemiplegic side, and duration of stroke were recorded.
Neither paralytic poliomyelitis nor hemiplegic cerebral palsy can be definitively excluded as possible diagnoses based on the osteological analysis alone, as both conditions could explain most of the skeletal manifestations observed in B34 (see Table 2).
Discrepancies between the two groups could be related to the hemiplegic gait pattern in which body transportation and postural stability are not symmetrical in affected and unaffected legs.
After contracting hemiplegic encephalitis as a toddler, Rhys was told he may never walk, but as defied all expectations and was hoping to qualify for Team GB at the Rio Paralympics and win a medal.
He said, HPC is providing treatment to the physically disabled, polio, CP, Hemiplegic and other paralyzed patients.
Stroke is associated with a range of comorbid conditions, and the recommendations highlight several areas for which stroke patients should be evaluated regularly during rehabilitation, including skin breakdowns, hemiplegic limbs, urinary retention, and deep vein thrombosis.
He loved how the Games celebrated injured service members and offered those like himself, a hemiplegic who has limited function on his left side, a chance to compete and shine.
We report an 83-year-old hemiplegic lady with unusual distribution of bullous pemphigoid lesions.