Hemiplegia

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Related to hemiplegic: hemiplegic gait, Diplegic

hemiplegia

[‚hē·mə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Unilateral paralysis of the body.

Hemiplegia

 

complete loss of voluntary movements in the arm and leg on one side. There are organic and functional hemiplegias.

Organic hemiplegia may arise from disruption of the cerebral blood circulation (hemorrhage in the brain, thrombosis or embolism of the cerebral blood vessels), tumor, or inflammatory diseases of the brain (such as encephalitis and arachnoiditis). Functional hemiplegia is caused by hysteria. Organic hemiplegia results from injury by a pathological process to the motor pyramidal system (the nerve formation extending from the cerebral cortex to the anterior horns of the spinal cord). In organic hemiplegia, muscle tone and tendon reflexes increase in the paralyzed limbs, and pathological reflexes are formed. The absence of movements in the limbs is combined with partial dysfunction of the mimetic muscles on the same side, occasionally on the other side. Cyanosis, edema, and coldness of the limbs often appear on the affected side. These symptoms are absent in functional hemiplagia. Normal movements may be restored, depending on the nature of the process and degree of involvement of the pyramidal system. Hemiplegia sometimes has residual effects. Functional hemiplegia disappears without a trace.

Treatment consists of elimination of the main disease responsible for the hemiplegia. Early use of massage and exercise therapy is essential. Nervous system stimulants and agents that decrease muscle tone are administered.

REFERENCE

Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po nevrologii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1962. Pages 92-101.

V. S. ROTENBERG

References in periodicals archive ?
The current study was planned to assess the perception of parents of children diagnosed with spastic hemiplegic CP who were receiving CIMT.
Despite the high prevalence of patients suffering from painful hemiplegic shoulders, the evidence for effective treatment is underwhelming and no particular intervention appears superior.
24 poststroke hemiplegic patients participated in the study from the outpatient clinic.
Aytekin et al., "Pain syndromes in hemiplegic patients and their effects on rehabilitation results," Journal of Physical Therapy Science, vol.
We therefore investigated whether alterations in somatosensory processing following intensive nonremovable hard-constraint CIMT in children with hemiplegic CP can be quantified using electrical neuroimaging framework analyses of the spatio-temporal characteristics of ERP responses to a calibrated light touch.
Children diagnosed with hemiplegic CP have a tendency to neglect the affected upper extremity, which compromises their ability to partake in bimanual activities, resulting in classification at MACS level II [8].
Ten patients (Males = 7, Females = 3) with hemiplegic chronic stroke (Meanage = 63.9 years, SD = 10.6) and ten (Males = 7, Females = 3) able-bodied participants (Meanage = 72.7 years, SD = 8) were selected from the Neurological Rehabilitation Centre hospital.
When occurring in the same individual, they can be associated or separated in time, frequently integrating migraine phenomenology and giving rise to the description of several (apparently) different conditions: VM, migraine with brainstem aura (MBA), or hemiplegic migraine (HM) [3, 8].
The grasp reflex of the hemiplegic left upper limb of a patient who suffered infarction of the right putamen and temporal lobe was significantly improved by BTX-A treatment combined with both RFE and object-related training under NMES.
During a single hemiplegic attack, the intensity of weakness is fluctuating.
Here, we present a 17-year-old female adolescent with Danon disease with severe HCM who developed infrequent neurological episodes diagnosed as recurrent hemiplegic migraine over 3 years, followed by possible transient ischemic attack (TIA) over the past 6 months and finally ischemic stroke.