Hemodialysis

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hemodialysis

[‚hē·mō·di′al·ə·səs]
(medicine)
The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hemodialysis

 

a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.

A. P. RZHANOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Endovascular proximal forearm arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis access: results of the prospective, multicenter Novel Endovascular Access Trial (NEAT).
The case against chronic venous hemodialysis access. J Am Soc Nephrol.
Wilson, "A prospective evaluation of PTFE graft patency and surveillance techniques in hemodialysis access," Annals of Vascular Surgery, vol.
* Venipuncture or IV placement could damage these veins so they can't be used for hemodialysis access.
Bypass graft to the contralateral internal jugular vein for venous outflow obstruction of a functioning hemodialysis access fistula.
Thus, the new hemodialysis access sites further exacerbate her negative body image and sexuality.
Results of this project may suggest a change in practice for hemodialysis access cannulation or at least support further research into the use of ultrasound-guided cannulation.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the impact of implementing selected recommendations from the BPG (RNAO, 2009) on priority provincial targets for hemodialysis access in patients with stage 5D CKD who currently use a CVC as their HD access.
The topics include visceral de-branching with repair of descending thoracic and visceral aortic aneurysm, treatment of superior vena cava syndrome and central stenosis, lower extremity permanent hemodialysis access placement, digital and metatarsal amputations of the forefoot, and hip disarticulation.
The company provides preserved human cardiac and vascular tissues, surgical adhesives and sealants, cardiac lasers and implantable end-stage renal disease hemodialysis access grafts.