Hemolymph

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hemolymph

[′hē·mə‚limf]
(invertebrate zoology)
The circulating fluid of the open circulatory systems of many invertebrates.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hemolymph

 

a fluid that circulates in the vessels and intercellular spaces of many invertebrates with an open system of blood circulation, such as arthropods and mollusks.

Hemolymph performs the same functions as blood and lymph in animals with a closed circulatory system (some worms, vertebrates). It transports oxygen and carbon dioxide, nutrients, and secretory products. It is rich in organic substances, including proteins, and frequently contains the respiratory pigments hemocyanin and hemoglobin. Hemolymph also contains cellular elements of various structure and function (phagocytes, excretory cells, and, in some cases, erythrocytes).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.