Hemoptysis


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hemoptysis

[hē′mäp·tə·səs]
(medicine)
Discharge of blood from the larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hemoptysis

 

the expectoration of blood with the sputum.

Hemoptysic sputum may be blood-streaked or mixed with blood (”rusty sputum”). Pure blood may be spit up, scarlet and sometimes in large quantities (for example, in pulmonary hemorrhage). Hemoptysis is seen with tuberculosis and bronchiectasis; with tumors, inflammations, abscesses, and infarctions of a lung; with certain heart diseases; and with diseases of the blood system. Hemoptysis can be caused by the ulceration or rupture of a blood vessel, congestion in the lungs, or increased permeability of the walls of the small blood vessels. Sometimes it occurs when blood flows into the respiratory passages as a result of a nosebleed or bleeding gums. The first aid for hemoptysis involves placing the victim in a semi-recumbent position with an icebag on his chest. He should not be allowed to talk. The condition is treated by eliminating the primary cause and administering hemostatics.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hla, "Major and massive hemoptysis: reassessment of conservative management," American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol.
Clinical assessment and management of massive hemoptysis. Crit Care Med 2000;28(5):1642-7.
While there are no prior studies describing pulmonary vein complications during a MitraClip procedure (such as pulmonary vein dissection), hemoptysis has been described immediately after dilation of the left upper pulmonary vein during percutaneous pulmonary vein stenting [8].
[4] found that the most common presentation was dyspnea and fever followed by hemoptysis, but in their experience Martinez-Martinez and Abud-Mendoza [5] found that hemoptysis was a less common presentation.
Signs and symptoms are nonspecific which include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, and/or hemoptysis [2].
Patients with pulmonary hamartomas are most often asymptomatic, however, hemoptysis is the most common presenting symptom.
When the chest radiograph showed inactive processes such as calcified granuloma, fibrosis, and sputum AFB negative and there were no symptoms other than hemoptysis, the patient was diagnosed as having inactive pulmonary tuberculosis.
A 76-year-old man was admitted to our institution for endovascular embolization as management of recurrent hemoptysis. He had a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
There was no history of hemoptysis, chest pain, dyspnoea, hoarseness of voice, jaundice, bone pains, fits or urinary complaints.
We evaluated patients undergoing examinations for subcutaneous emphysema, peripheral desaturation, hemoptysis, and cardiac arrhythmias.
(5) This condition creates therapeutic dilemma because of the risk of massive hemoptysis and emboli.