Retinitis

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retinitis

[‚ret·ən′īd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the retina.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Retinitis

 

inflammation of the retina, generally in both eyes. It results from purulent infection of the retinal vessels caused by sepsis, a purulent focus, tuberculosis or other infectious diseases, or poisoning. Retinitis is usually accompanied by inflammation of the choroid (chorioretinitis). A characteristic development is the appearance of scotomata, or areas of depressed vision within the visual field that correspond to the inflammatory focus in the fundus of the eye. If treatment is inadequate, the depression of vision becomes permanent. Treatment depends on the causative disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.