stroke

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Related to hemorrhagic stroke: ischemic stroke

stroke,

destruction of brain tissue as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage or infarctioninfarction,
blockage of blood circulation to a localized area or organ of the body resulting in tissue death. Infarctions commonly occur in the spleen, kidney, lungs, brain, and heart.
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 caused by thrombosisthrombosis
, obstruction of an artery or vein by a blood clot (thrombus). Arterial thrombosis is generally more serious because the supply of oxygen and nutrition to an area of the body is halted.
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 (clotting) or embolusembolus
, foreign matter circulating in and obstructing a blood vessel. It may be a portion of a clot that has separated from the wall of a vessel (see thrombosis), a bubble of gas or air (known as an air embolus), a globule of fat, a clump of bacterial matter, or a clump of
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 (obstruction in a blood vessel caused by clotted blood or other foreign matter circulating in the bloodstream); formerly called apoplexy. Cerebral hemorrhage or thrombosis occurs most often in elderly persons with constricted arteries (see arteriosclerosisarteriosclerosis
, general term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels. These changes are frequently accompanied by accumulations inside the vessel walls of lipids, e.g.
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), although either may also be caused by inflammatory or toxic damage to the cerebral blood vessels. Cerebral embolism may occur at any age, even in children.

Symptoms of stroke develop suddenly. In cases of severe brain damage there may be deep coma, paralysis of one side of the body, and loss of speech, followed by death or permanent neurological disturbances after recovery. If the brain damage sustained has been slight, there is usually complete recovery, but most survivors of stroke require extensive rehabilitation. Hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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, which is a major cause of intracranial hemorrhage and stroke, can be treated by preventive measures using diet (e.g., increasing nutrients such as antioxidants and folate), drug therapy, and stress reduction techniques. Other preventive measures for people at high risk include daily aspirin to retard clot formation and surgical correction of the narrowed carotid artery. Sometimes surgical removal of the clot is possible on larger vessels, but it is usually pointless after the stroke or when blockage is widespread. The thrombolytic drugthrombolytic drug
or clot-dissolving drug,
substance, such as streptokinase or tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), that causes the breakdown of blood clots (see thrombosis) that obstruct the flow of blood through the vessels.
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 tissue plasminogen activator, widely used to treat heart attacks, has been approved for use within three hours of the onset of strokes caused by clots.

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stroke

[strōk]
(computer science)
In optical character recognition, straight or curved portion of a letter, such as is commonly made with one smooth motion of a pen. Also known as character stroke.
That segment of a printed or handwritten character which has been temporarily isolated from other segments for the purpose of analyzing it, particularly with regard to its dimensions and relative reflectance. Also known as character stroke.
(electronics)
The penlike motion of a focused electron beam in cathode-ray-tube diplays.
(mechanical engineering)
The linear movement, in either direction, of a reciprocating mechanical part. Also known as throw.
(medicine)
A sudden cerebrovascular accident.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

stroke

strokeclick for a larger image
The linear distance the piston moves inside the cylinder from top to bottom in a reciprocating engine.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

stroke

1. Pathol apoplexy; rupture of a blood vessel in the brain resulting in loss of consciousness, often followed by paralysis, or embolism or thrombosis affecting a cerebral vessel
2. a pulsation, esp of the heart
3. Sport the act or manner of striking the ball with a racket, club, bat, etc.
4. any one of the repeated movements used by a swimmer to propel himself through the water
5. a manner of swimming, esp one of several named styles such as the crawl or butterfly
6. 
a. any one of a series of linear movements of a reciprocating part, such as a piston
b. the distance travelled by such a part from one end of its movement to the other
7. a single pull on an oar or oars in rowing
8. manner or style of rowing
9. the oarsman who sits nearest the stern of a shell, facing the cox, and sets the rate of striking for the rest of the crew
www.neuro.wustl.edu/stroke
http://209.107.44.93/NationalStroke/default.htm
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

stroke

The oblique stroke character, "/", ASCII 47.

See ASCII for other synonyms.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

stroke

(1) In printing, the weight, or thickness, of a character. For example, in the LaserJet, one of the specifications of the font description is the stroke weight from lightest to boldest. See stroke weight.

(2) In computer graphics, a pen or brush stroke. The stroke function lets you set the width of the line being drawn.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
What is worse is that the lack of standard guidelines for pediatric stroke worsens an already complicated situation.[5] Given the present difficulties, hemorrhagic stroke after procedures for CHD should attract more attention and needs more research because there were limited cases in this study.
Epidemiology of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke: incidence, prevalence, mortality, and risk factors.
In multivariate analysis, the SPARCL investigators found that hemorrhagic stroke risk was increased by an adjusted 68% in patients on atorvastatin, 465% in patients whose prior stroke was hemorrhagic, and 519% in patients with a blood pressure reading of 160-179/100-109 mm Hg at their last clinic visit prior to the hemorrhagic stroke (Neurology.
Analysis of possible relations between comorbid risk factors and stroke subtypes using chi-square test showed that, compared to other comorbid risk factors, diabetes mellitus (P value = 0.003) and dyslipidemia (P value = 0.001) were significantly prevalent among ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients.
The characteristics of cases, including cases of total stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke, and their matched controls are presented in Table 1.
The Kaplan-Meier curve with a log-rank test was performed to describe and compare the cumulative hazard curves of stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke between the RVO and PS-matched comparison groups.
Using bioinformatics methods, we sought to summarize novel therapeutic strategies involving endogenous neurogenesis and exogenous NSC transplantation for functional recovery after hemorrhagic stroke, which could also advance understanding of the pathophysiology of hemorrhagic stroke.
For patients after spine surgeries, hypertension and coagulopathy are considered as main risks of hemorrhagic stroke [14].
A significant increase in gastrointestinal bleeding occurred with NOACs compared with warfarin (RR=1.3; 95% CI, 1.1-1.6; number needed to harm=185), but NOACs were associated with a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage similar to the reduction in hemorrhagic stroke (RR=0.48; 95% CI, 0.39-0.59; NNT=132).
DURING DELIVERY, a 25-year-old woman had a hemorrhagic stroke that left her unable to care for herself or her child.
Objective: To determine seasonal variation in the occurrence of stroke and its subtypes (ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke) during summer and winter and to observe the frequency of common risk factors for stroke.
In a review of medical records, researchers found that those getting statins while being treated for a hemorrhagic stroke were twice as likely to be alive 30 days later as were those not getting the drugs during treatment.