henbane


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

henbane

or

black henbane,

herb (Hyoscyamus niger) native to the Mediterranean region and naturalized in parts of North America. It belongs to the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family) and contains a narcotic poison (similar to that of the related belladonna) that is extracted from the leaves for medicinal use. The drug, also called henbane, is composed of alkaloids, chiefly hyoscyamine and scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
..... Click the link for more information.
. Henbane is produced chiefly in Egypt, Russia, and Hungary; the United States is a major importer. The name henbane refers to the fact that the seeds of this herb are very poisonous to poultry. It is sometimes also called nightshade. Henbane is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Solanales, family Solanaceae.

henbane

[′hen‚bān]
(botany)
Hyoscyamus niger. A poisonous herb containing the toxic alkaloids hyoscyamine and hyoscine; extracts have properties similar to belladonna.

henbane

a poisonous solanaceous European plant, Hyoscyamus niger, with sticky hairy leaves and funnel-shaped greenish flowers: yields the drug hyoscyamine
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeds of white henbane were collected from commune of ARRIS (65 km from wilaya of BATNA, Eastern of Algeria) which is located 1087meter altitude as above sea level 35[degrees] 15' 0'N and 6[degrees] 21' 0" E (fig 1).
TABLE 1 Drugs with Categorization Drug Group Category Subcategory Drug Depressants Alcohol Inhalants Sleep medication, tranquilizers, anxiolytics (without a diagnosis or prescription) Medical drugs and alcohol combined Heroin and other opiates GHB, GBL Stimulants Tobacco Ecstasy (MDMA) Amphetamine and other stimulants Cocaine Hallucinogens Deliriants Jimson weed, angel's Dissociatives trumpet, henbane, etc.
Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), belladonna or deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), and thorn apple or jimsonweed (Datura spp.) are all members of the same plant family.
John's wort, belladonna, henbane, Jimson weed, mandrake and scopolia
Which TV chef had to apologise after he suggested using the poisonous plant henbane in recipes?
In a magazine interview, Mr Worrall Thompson said the weed henbane made a tasty addition to salads.
The blundering cook advised fans to pick and eat poisonous henbane - which can cause hallucinations, violent seizures and even death.
Avicenna also recommends opium, henbane and mandrake: "If it is desirable to get a person unconscious quickly, without his being harmed, add sweet-smelling moss or aloes-wood to the wine.
With mortar and pestle in hand she grinds a concoction of "K-Y jelly," "berries from the belladonna branch, crumbles of henbane," and "a compressed square of marijuana buds" (50).
Justin's Epitome of Trogus notes that the king raised herbs in his own gardens, both beneficial and harmful, and Plutarch, Demetrius, tabulates the poisonous herbs, including henbane, hellebore, hemlock, aconite and thornapple.
A regular sea sponge was soaked in a sleep-inducing mixture that contained opium, hyoscyamus (better known as henbane), mulberry juice, lettuce seed, hemlock, mandrake, and ivy.