hydrothorax

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hydrothorax

[‚hī·drə′thȯr‚aks]
(medicine)
Collection of serous fluid in the pleural spaces.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Hepatic hydrothorax is a rare complication of liver cirrhosis.
Another complication of hepatic hydrothorax is spontaneous bacterial empyema, which can happen around two percent of cirrhotic patients and can be seen in up to 16% when patients develop a hepatic hydrothorax [20].
Treatment options for recurrent hepatic hydrothorax that are not candidates for transplant include TIPS, repeated thoracentesis, and pleurodesis [23].
Lee, "The morphology of diaphragmatic defects in hepatic hydrothorax: thoracoscopic finding," Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.
Murawaki, "Right diaphragmatic defect in hepatic hydrothorax exposed by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography after radiofrequency ablation," Hepatology, vol.
Low complement levels and opsonic activity in hepatic hydrothorax: Its relationship with spontaneous bacterial empyema.
Thoracoscopy and talc poudrage in the management of hepatic hydrothorax. Chest 2000:118:13-17
The value of thoracoscopy for diagnosis and management of refractory hepatic hydrothorax. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2006:29:665-667
The composition of pleural fluid from hepatic hydrothorax is similar to that of ascitic fluid.
Thoracocentesis can be performed in patients with dyspnoea due to hepatic hydrothorax for immediate relief of symptoms.