hepatica


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hepatica

(hĭpăt`ĭkə) or

liverleaf,

any plant of the genus Hepatica of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), low, woodland, spring wildflowers of the north temperate zone, popular for wild gardens. The delicate blossoms, of shades of lavender, pink, and blue, may appear while there is still snow; the three-lobed leaves persist through winter. Hepaticas were formerly used as a domestic remedy. Although often called liverworts, they are unrelated to the primitive plants commonly called liverwortsliverwort,
any plant of the class Marchantiopsida. Mosses and liverworts together comprise the division Bryophyta, primitive green land plants (see moss; plant); some of the earliest land plants resembled modern liverworts.
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 that are classified with the mosses in the division Bryophyta. Hepatica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hepatica

 

a genus of perennial evergreen herbaceous plants of the family Ranunculaceae. The leaves form a basal rosette and consist of three or five leathery lobes on long petioles. The solitary, regular flowers are purple or white; the perianth consists of six to ten petallike sepals. The fruit is a multiple nut, whose lobes and juicy caruncles are eaten and distributed by ants.

There are six to ten species of hepatica, distributed predominantly in the temperate belt of Eurasia and in the eastern part of North America. There are three species in the USSR: H. nobilis, which grows in hardwood forests and shrub thickets in the European USSR; H. Falconeri, which is found in Middle Asia; and H. asiatica, which grows in the southern Primor’e region. H. nobilis and H. angulosa are cultivated as ornamentals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En los tres especimenes con variantes estructurales, dos (4 %) presentaron un tronco gastro-esplenico con tronco hepato-mesenterico y en uno (2 %) se identifico un tronco bifurcado hepato-gastrico con la arteria esplenica naciendo de la arteria hepatica comun.
hepatica en especies silvestres son muy limitados, registrandose prevalencias de hasta 32% en vicunas (Vicugna vicugna Molina, 1782) y 17.6% en cobayos silvestres (Cavia aperea Erxleben, 1777) (Dittmar 2002, Samame et al.
(1.2-1.9% of all examined animals), and especially F hepatica (3.6-10.8%), confirm the obtained data on the widespread distribution of the diseases in the northern regions of Ukraine.
Maior media nos niveis sericos das aminotransferases parece possuir associacao significativa entre a gravidade da esteatose hepatica, sendo que os valores de AST apresentaram uma maior associacao com a gravidade da esteatose que o ALT (Cruz e colaboradores, 2014).
granulosus, two cases of F hepatica, and one case of A.
Estos resultados ponen de manifiesto que la suplementacion con colina muestra ser efectiva en condiciones de alto riesgo de lipidosis hepatica, por el contario, a bajas concentraciones de TG hepaticos no existen limitantes para su exportacion y por lo tanto, no se encuentra respuesta a la suplementacion con colina.
Los parasitos pertenecientes a la familia Fasciolidae, son un grupo relativamente pequeno de trematodos digeneidos cuyo origen se ha hipotizado, son los elefantes (Mammalia, Prosbocidea) en Africa, y posteriormente distribuidos a herbivoros euroasiaticos; presentando un patron de ciclo de vida similar, con la infeccion del hospedador vertebrado, a traves de la ingestion de metacercarias, desde la vegetacion; dentro de los cuales esta Fasciola hepatica, que es considerado el trematodo con mayor significancia historica y en medicina veterinaria [17].