hepatica

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hepatica

(hĭpăt`ĭkə) or

liverleaf,

any plant of the genus Hepatica of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), low, woodland, spring wildflowers of the north temperate zone, popular for wild gardens. The delicate blossoms, of shades of lavender, pink, and blue, may appear while there is still snow; the three-lobed leaves persist through winter. Hepaticas were formerly used as a domestic remedy. Although often called liverworts, they are unrelated to the primitive plants commonly called liverwortsliverwort,
any plant of the class Marchantiopsida. Mosses and liverworts together comprise the division Bryophyta, primitive green land plants (see moss; plant); some of the earliest land plants resembled modern liverworts.
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 that are classified with the mosses in the division Bryophyta. Hepatica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.

Hepatica

 

a genus of perennial evergreen herbaceous plants of the family Ranunculaceae. The leaves form a basal rosette and consist of three or five leathery lobes on long petioles. The solitary, regular flowers are purple or white; the perianth consists of six to ten petallike sepals. The fruit is a multiple nut, whose lobes and juicy caruncles are eaten and distributed by ants.

There are six to ten species of hepatica, distributed predominantly in the temperate belt of Eurasia and in the eastern part of North America. There are three species in the USSR: H. nobilis, which grows in hardwood forests and shrub thickets in the European USSR; H. Falconeri, which is found in Middle Asia; and H. asiatica, which grows in the southern Primor’e region. H. nobilis and H. angulosa are cultivated as ornamentals.

References in periodicals archive ?
April 5: Nettles and leafcup are six to eight inches tall when hepaticas are at their best.
On Sunday, March 16, there will also be a Plant Heritage exhibit by National Collection holder Glenn Shapiro focusing on Hepaticas with a Story, while RHS Wisley will showcase plants from their famous collection.
KINGSWINFORD nursery owner John Massey will kick-start the early spring gardening time with a special RHS Ashwood Hepatica Day at Birmingham Botanical Gardens this weekend.
El advenimiento de la ecografia como metodo rutinario para la exploracion de las enfermedades hepaticas ha permitido ampliar el campo de las tecnicas exploratorias del higado.
Por otra parte, la ecografia intervencionista permite la obtencion de biopsias de lesiones hepaticas dirigidas por ultrasonido y facilita la aproximacion al diagnostico etiologico (8, 10, 13, 15).
Hepaticas grow very slowly and hate being disturbed.
The one fault of Hepaticas is that they have a magnetic attraction for rabbits.
Over the last few years John has been around the world collecting Hepaticas.
O aumento da atividade de enzimas hepaticas como catepsinas A e B, verificado nas aves que receberam AT, revela a intensa degradacao enzimatica de aminoacidos hepaticos e o aumento da atividade proteolitica hepatica e, como consequencia, a diminuicao de ganho de peso por alteracoes no catabolismo proteico e nos valores nutritivos da dieta.
The hepaticas are little charmers for the edge of woodland in semi shade, or the shady area of a rockery.
So, sadly, if your garden is a bunny zone, you can forget hepaticas.
The range for sale is staggering - trilliums, saxifrages, geraniums, irises, gentians, meconopsis, primulas, celmisias, hepaticas - I could go on and on.