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(hĭpăt`ĭkə) or


any plant of the genus Hepatica of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), low, woodland, spring wildflowers of the north temperate zone, popular for wild gardens. The delicate blossoms, of shades of lavender, pink, and blue, may appear while there is still snow; the three-lobed leaves persist through winter. Hepaticas were formerly used as a domestic remedy. Although often called liverworts, they are unrelated to the primitive plants commonly called liverwortsliverwort,
any plant of the class Marchantiopsida. Mosses and liverworts together comprise the division Bryophyta, primitive green land plants (see moss; plant); some of the earliest land plants resembled modern liverworts.
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 that are classified with the mosses in the division Bryophyta. Hepatica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of perennial evergreen herbaceous plants of the family Ranunculaceae. The leaves form a basal rosette and consist of three or five leathery lobes on long petioles. The solitary, regular flowers are purple or white; the perianth consists of six to ten petallike sepals. The fruit is a multiple nut, whose lobes and juicy caruncles are eaten and distributed by ants.

There are six to ten species of hepatica, distributed predominantly in the temperate belt of Eurasia and in the eastern part of North America. There are three species in the USSR: H. nobilis, which grows in hardwood forests and shrub thickets in the European USSR; H. Falconeri, which is found in Middle Asia; and H. asiatica, which grows in the southern Primor’e region. H. nobilis and H. angulosa are cultivated as ornamentals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Para el Cauca, URIBE & GRADSTEIN (1999) reportan 150 especies en la revision de hepaticas para Colombia.
La obesidad esta implicada en el origen de la enfermedad hepatica no alcoholica, un fenotipo del sindrome metabolico que constituye la principal causa de disfuncion hepatica; su prevalencia en personas no obesas varia entre 10 y 24%, mientras que en personas obesas alcanza hasta un 70% (3).
En todos los pacientes se estratifico la severidad de la enfermedad hepatica con el puntaje Child-Turcotte-Pugh (Child) y el puntaje MELD.
Os pacientes com EHNA geralmente sao assintomaticos, embora alguns casos possam evoluir para hepatomegalia, dor abdominal e elevacao discreta das enzimas hepaticas, sendo as mais comuns a elevacao discreta a moderada da ALT ou AST ou ambas (Bacon e colaboradores,1994; Cruz e colaboradores, 2014).
El tronco celiaco proporciona clasicamente, como ramas terminales, las arterias hepatica comun, esplenica y gastrica izquierda y podria, por tanto, ser denominado tronco gastrohepatoesplenico.
La Tabla 7 muestra las concentraciones hepaticas de TG, colina y las diferentes formas de carnitina por periodos de muestreo.