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Related to Hermitage: Hermitage Museum


(ĕr'mētäzh`), museum in St. Petersburg, Russia, one of the world's foremost houses of art, consisting of six buildings along the embankment of the Neva River. Its central building, the Winter Palace (erected 1754–62 by Czarina Elizabeth and the traditional winter residence of the czars), was damaged in an 1837 fire and reconstructed in the neoclassical style in the 19th cent. from the original pavilion palace. Its magnificant collection began as the private collection of Catherine II (Catherine the Great), which she purchased in 1764. Opened to the public in 1852, the museum contained only the imperial collections until 1917. There are now more than three million items in the Hermitage collection, including some 8,000 paintings of the Flemish, French, Dutch, Spanish, and Italian schools as well as superb modern works, with many by Rembrandt, Rubens, Picasso, and Matisse. The art collections also include the art of India, China, Egypt, pre-Columbian America, Greece, and Rome, as well as Scythian art from the Eurasian steppe. There are tapestries, ivories, and furniture. "The Heroic Past of the Russian People" includes the War Museum and a tribute to Peter the Great. Another part is devoted to the life and works of Pushkin. Russian art is exhibited separately in Mikhailovsky Palace, which was opened in 1898. In 2004 the Hermitage, which had previously inaugurated small foreign outlets in London and Las Vegas (in collaboration with the Guggenheim MuseumGuggenheim Museum,
officially Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, major museum of modern art in New York City. Founded in 1939 as the Museum of Non-objective Art, the Guggenheim is known for its remarkable circular building (1959) with curving interior ramp designed by Frank Lloyd
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), opened a large branch in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, which exhibits loans from the parent institution.


See V. Suslov, ed., Great Art Treasures of the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (2 vol., 1995) and the catalog Hidden Treasures Revealed: Impressionist Masterpieces and Other Important French Paintings Preserved by the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (1995).


in France: see MontmorencyMontmorency,
town (1990 pop. 21,003), Val d'Oise dept., N France, a suburb N of Paris. J. J. Rousseau lived there (1756–62), first at the nearby "Hermitage," a cottage on the estate of his friend, Mme d'Épinay, and after his quarrel with her, in Montmorency itself.
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, France.


see Jackson, AndrewJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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a name often given to such isolated structures as suburban villas and park pavilions. An example is the Hermitage in Catherine Park in the city of Pushkin (1743–54, architects M. G. Zemtsov, V. V. Rastrelli, and others). In the mid-18th century in St. Petersburg, the name was applied to the halls of the Winter Palace that housed art collections and that were open only to the elite. It later passed to the museum buildings that were erected next to the palace. In Leningrad, the museum incorporating the palace and buildings is now known as the Hermitage(seeHERMITAGE, STATE).


1. A private retreat.
2. A secluded hideaway.
3. A house of certain monastic orders.


the abode of a hermit
References in periodicals archive ?
The Hermitage Caves (Bridgnorth Publications & Design, 50p) by CF Gwilt is available at retail outlets in Bridgnorth.
The Guggenheim Hermitage, operating in partnership with the Guggenheim Foundation in New York and the State Hermitage Museum in St.
The director of the State Hermitage Museum Mikhail Piotrovsky stressed that costume gallery will be astartingpoint for the new museum.
The Hermitage Research Facility in Warwick, is the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries' (DAF) oldest agricultural research station, commencing operations in 1897.
Jamie Wright, the Foundation of Light's Managing-Director, said: "We are delighted to announce the launch of our Scholarship programme at Hermitage Academy.
Hermitage Equity Partners said to build upon Bentec's foundation and create a larger and more valuable enterprise, it has named three former senior officers from Hospital Corp.
Sprinter Hermitage won her second gold of the Rio Games with victory in the T37 400 metres and Arnold claimed F46 javelin glory.
This year the municipality will bring the Hermitage Ballet Theatre of Saint Petersburg to the Cypriot stage for the first time.
The Hermitage in Russia is one of the world's great general museums.
On a visit to Francis Bacon's reconstructed studio at the Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane, Mikhail Piotrovsky, director of the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, was delighted to find reproductions of Old Master paintings among the tattered photographs littering the floor.
Petersburg today a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the National Museum in the Sultanate and the Russian Hermitage Museum on the museum work, training services and vocational rehabilitation.
MOSCOW, Dec 10 (KUNA) -- Kuwait's Ambassador to Russia Abdulaziz Al-Adwani described Kuwait's participation in Hermitage Museum 250th anniversary as reflective of the deep cultural relations between Kuwait and Russia.