Heterogamy

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heterogamy

[‚hed·ə′räg·ə·mē]
(biology)
Alternation of a true sexual generation with a parthenogenetic generation.
Sexual reproduction by fusion of unlike gametes. Also known as anisogamy.
(botany)
Condition of producing two kinds of flowers.

Heterogamy

 

(1) A type of sexual process in which two gametes fusing during fertilization are distinguished by their external form. In heterogamy in the narrow sense the gametes of both sexes differ in size but do not differ in form and behavior (for example, the mobile, flagellate gametes of some algae). A large gamete is called a macrogamete (egg cell), a small one is called a microgamete (spermatozoon), and both are called heterogametes or anisogametes. In a broader sense, heterogamy also includes oogamy (a process in all animals, all higher plants, and many lower plants), in which the egg cell and spermatozoon (sperm) differ in size, form, and behavior.

(2) The transmission to offspring by the male individual of genes or their combination that differ from those donated by the female parent (for example, in Oenothera). If both sexes give the identical combination of genes, the process is called homogamy.

(3) The change in functions of male and female flowers or in their position on the plant (as an anomaly).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the present study, heterogamic crosses were carried out with virgin individuals from each population without a priori knowledge of the sex of the 2 individuals or, for group mating, the sex of all individuals.
And how should we then explain the higher frequencies of heterogamic matings observed in some tests?
So, there are three cases where interaction is mainly due to homogamic versus heterogamic matings behaving differently in each generation, whereas in others differences arise between either homogamic (crosses M3 x M25 and BC7 x M25) or heterogamic pairs (BC7 x M3 and M25 x BCA).
where A and D are the numbers of homogamic matings and B and C the numbers of heterogamic matings.