Heterophony

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Heterophony

 

the execution of a Metody by several singers, instrumentalists, or both singers and instrumentalists, during which one or several voices episodically digress from the main Metody. These digressions, often unconscious, may result from differences in the technical possibilities of the voices or instruments or may depend on the fancy of the performers. Supporting voices in many-voiced music are also part of heterophonic music.

Heterophony is sometimes encountered in medieval Western European music and classical music and is especially characteristic of the national music cultures of Africa, Ceylon, Oceania, India, and Indonesia. It is also found in Slavic music. In the music of India and Indonesia heterophony arises in the performance of melodies by many instrumentalists, each of whom varies the Metody in keeping with the technical and expressive possibilities of his instrument. (For example, heterophony is found in music for the gamelan.) In Russian folk music heterophony is combined with polyphonic means of expression.

REFERENCES

Bershadskaia, T. Osnovnye kompozitsionnye zakonomernosti mnogogolosiia russkoi narodnoi krest’ianskoi pesni. Leningrad, 1961.
Grigor’ev, S., and T. Miuller. Uchebnik polifonii. Moscow, 1961.
Adler, G. “Uber Heterophonie.” In the collection Peters Jahrbuch, vol. 15. Leipzig, 1909.

T. F. MIULLER

References in periodicals archive ?
5) The decrease in performers' freedom in the rendition of their own variable and complex rhythmic-melodic embellishments besides other musical vocabulary such as complex 20-32 beat rhythm and nuances of tempo weakened the status of heterophonic texture in ensemble activities.
Messiaen's music, with its emphasis on non-narrative form, as well as its heterophonic elements, represents a subtle subversion of more dominant traditions.
When melody instruments are used--usually, though not always, played by men--it is traditionally a heterophonic accompaniment, as in North African and Middle Eastern music in general.
Counter-assonance is created when consonants recur in spite of heterophonic vowels, for example in "plus" and "pendule," "completement" and "perles.
Since my previous understanding and experience had led me to expect that the component parts of Balinese music were always related though a kind of "stratified" heterophonic procedure, this suggestion came as something of a surprise.
The (upper) melodic line is composite, synthesizing the heterophonic parts of the different instruments; the notes of the score appear beneath.
The sizhu repertory is small and circumscribed, but skilled performers would claim they bring to this music a creative outlook, in that new surface ornamentations are essayed, and musicians interact to explore the aesthetic possibilities of give-and-take within a heterophonic musical texture.
59) In a recent article and his book, Debussy and the Veil of Tonality, Mark DeVoto took on "the Debussy sound"--what makes his music distinctive--focusing particularly on "Debussy's heterophonic orchestra.
Sub-elements and common terms and instructional terminology may include: balance, monophonic, homophonic, polyphonic, heterophonic, contrapuntal, density (thick, thin, transparent, dark, light), strata, orchestration, collage, chamber, solo/soli, tutti, divisi, ornamentation, resonance, reverberance, sonorousness, fibre, distortion effects.
We have yet to trial a recording method that might adequately capture the heterophonic aesthetic of manikay singing while simultaneously allowing for individual voices to be isolated from the mix.
Unlike gagaku, or other forms of Japanese traditional music, the music of the noh theater has no harmonic or heterophonic element to support its melodic line, or to contribute to its musical sense of tension and release.
Each solo player and singer interpreted the traditional melodies in an individual way, embellishing them spontaneously according to the natural articulation of his instrument or voice, resulting in a simple, heterophonic texture around the unison choral core.