heterotroph

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heterotroph

(hĕt`ərətrōf'), living organism that obtains its energy from carbohydrates and other organic material. All animals and most bacteria and fungi are heterotrophic. In contrast, autotrophsautotroph
, in biology, an organism capable of synthesizing its own organic substances from inorganic compounds. Autotrophs produce their own sugars, lipids, and amino acids using carbon dioxide as a source of carbon, and ammonia or nitrates as a source of nitrogen.
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 are organisms that use inorganic substances as energy sources and carbon dioxide as a carbon source.

heterotroph

[′hed·ə·rō‚träf]
(biology)
An organism that obtains nourishment from the ingestion and breakdown of organic matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
For their part, Zhang, Wu, Hao and Yu (2011), using a strain of Pseudomonas stutzeri YZN-001, determined that it may heterotrophically consume a minimum of 0.
This may explain why explants, lacking functional plastids after being heterotrophically cultivated, are resistant to high levels of kanamycin.
Furthermore, they are extremely metabolically diverse and can obtain energy from a wide array of sources, both autotrophically and heterotrophically.