The model's advocates, on the other hand, acknowledge some criticisms but argue that the policy cycle still represents a useful heuristic device
. Defining Policy, Policy-Making and the Policy Cycle Many researchers agree that policy is extremely hard to define.
Their topics include categorization and explanation of the world in Hesiod's Theogony, all creatures great and small: the ancient Egyptian view of the animal world, classification between grammar and culture: a cross-linguistic perspective, categorizing natural objects: some issues arising from recent work in cognitive anthropology and ethnobiological classification, and tracing concepts: semantic network analysis as a heuristic device
Although he admitted its usefulness as a heuristic device
, in order to introduce dispositional terms, he held that it had no place in a finished scientific theory.
CB models have received scholarly attention and some degree of conceptual developments in the literature (Galalae & Voicu, 2013; Ateke & Akekue, 2017); But seeing it from another perspective as a myth or heuristic device
has not received sustained consideration and there have been few empirical and conceptual studies.
So, is nervousness a heuristic device
and, if so, how useful is it?
David-Fox hopes to overcome the binarism of the modernity/ neotraditionalist discourse and proposes that we "take modernity as a lens, a heuristic device
rather than a problem that can be solved with some sort of aggressively formulated thesis or empirical breakthrough" (7).
By including Sanger, this exhibition reverses this convention, inviting viewers to reconsider an example of Richter's photographic imagery according to the parameters of arbitrariness and abstraction laid out by the "Color Charts." Moreover, by showing a Color Chart that would normally face the wall, the exhibition offers the double-sided canvas as a heuristic device
for thinking about the famously difficult question concerning the division between figuration and abstraction in Richter's work.
But, as ideal types, they serve as a heuristic device
by which a political analyst may discern patterns in the empirical world.
Whatever merit the "spectral" might have, it is difficult to see how this thin idea could plausibly provide "the basis of a full-blown analytical framework, a conceptual tool" As a matter of fact, what minimal use is made of "the spectral" in this collection comes nowhere near acting as either "an explanatory paradigm" or "as a launching pad" It mostly seems unnecessary and distracting as a heuristic device
. My second criticism has to do with the overall organization of the book.
It is, instead, a heuristic device
or an analytical framework for understanding multiple spatialities, as noted by Paasi when he identifies it as 'a sort of ideal type that includes subideal types' (2008, page 408), the subideal realms being the slightly removed, or, as Jones and Jessop term them, "second-order" features (2010, page 1127).