Hexachloroethane


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Related to Hexachloroethane: Hexachlorobenzene, nitrobenzene

hexachloroethane

[¦hek·sə¦klȯr·ō′e‚thān]
(organic chemistry)
Cl3CCCl3 Colorless crystals with a camphorlike odor, melting point 185°C, toxic; used in organic synthesis, as a retarding agent in fermentation, and as a rubber accelerator.

Hexachloroethane

 

the chlorine-substituted ethane CCl3—CCl3; colorless crystals with a weak camphoraceous odor. Melting point, 189°C (fused capillary). Hexachloroethane sublimes in open vessels; it is insoluble in water, moderately soluble in alcohol and ether, and readily soluble in carbon disulfide; it is stable toward acid and alkali action in the cold.

Hexachloroethane is produced by chlorinating tetrachloroethylene (CCl2═CCl2) at 100°-200°C under pressure; it is also a side product in the production of CCl4 from CS2 and Cl2. Hexachloroethane is used as a camphor substitute, in the production of nitrocellulose plastics, in admixture with some metals as a smoke producer, and as a luminescence intensifier in pyrotechnic compounds, as well as in medicine as an anthelmintic in treating liver helminthiases, opistorchiasis, and fascioliasis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Toxicological Profile for Hexachloroethane. Atlanta, GA:Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Field Measurement and Model Evaluation Program for Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Military Smokes: Analysis Methods and Results of Hexachloroethane Smoke Dispersion Experiments Conducted as Part of Atterbury-87 Field Studies.
Some hepatotexic action of hexachloroethane and its metabolites in sheep.
Subchronic oral toxicity, tissue distribution and clearance of hexachloroethane in the rat.
Physical and Chemical Characterization of Fog 0il Smoke and Hexachloroethane Smoke.
Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Hexachloroethane (CAS No.
The most notable gas-releasing compound is hexachloroethane (|C.sub.2~|Cl.sub.6~), which generates |Cl.sub.2~ and gaseous aluminum chloride (Al|Cl.sub.3~), but the list also includes certain carbonates.
Aluminum carbide can also be formed from using certain solid degassing tablets that consist of hexachloroethane C2CI,) via the reaction: