hiccup

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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
We will necessarily come across cases in which functional requirements of inflected forms clash with phonotactic regularities (as we will see below, this is the case with ?csukoljon 'let him hiccough', for instance).
There was a pause and a stifled hiccough or sob and Celine said, "Tell my brother I'm sorry I stole his Fenerbahce jersey."
Indeed, container rates have been sliding on all the major trading lanes since July 2010, with the exception of a small "hiccough" last winter, as liner companies tried to push for implementation of general rates increases in a weakening market, say analysts at the Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO) in Copenhagen.
The firm has been a hit with the stock market as well as trendy shoppers since it floated last year, with its share price nearly tripling before today's hiccough.
* Intractable hiccough, nausea, or vomiting is present for more than 2 days with evidence of a periaqueductal medullary lesion on MRI.
Secant Star's injury was the only hiccough for Mullins on a day when he brought his post-Christmas score to eight wins.
Basil (Ocimum sanctum) is a branched softly pubescent undershrub, 30 to 60 cm high plant belongs to Lamiaceae family which is digestive, diuretic, expectorant, stomachic, and useful in asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal fever, hiccough, vomiting, ringworm and skin diseases [3].Cucumber contains Calcium (20 mg / 100g), Iron (0.7 mg / 100 g), thiamin (0.3 mg/ 100g),niacin (0.2mg / 100 g), and riboflavin (0.01mg / 100 g) [4].
One of the most interesting is that to which I alluded just now when speaking of the hiccough. The hiccough, through the vacuum it determines in the thorax, produces a draught in the oesophagus and causes the subjects to swallow air.
If this work misses its mark in an attempt to mine the qualities of one more medium, one more mechanism for extruding meaning, this momentary hiccough seems forgivable.
Afterward, without varying the position, and consequently the quality, he must pass to the register of the chest, by fixing the larynx more and more, in order to prevent it making the abrupt motion which produces the hiccough at the moment of the separation of the two registers.
Such ups and downs in the business world can be seen as little more than a hiccough given the traumas she suffered in her early life.
However, I remain reasonably confident that it was just a hiccough and that we are heading in the right direction.