hiccup

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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
Loy then urges her listener to change laughter into "homophonous hiccoughs"--sounds that emerge after a particularly vehement fit of laughter or over-hasty eating; hiccoughs, in other words, are often the signs of a satiated self.
These tics differ from one another by only the smallest degree, as the tics of inhalation shade, for example, through the four stages of sighs, sobs, yawns, and hiccoughs. The tics of exhalation shade from cough to laughter to the famous epidemics of hysterical barking:
I have found references from Gerard's Herbal and Culpeper's Complete Herbal as well as modern reference books to cures for hiccoughs, impotence, vomiting, ear ache, head aches, kidney stones, bad breath, snake bites, leprosy, household smells, diarrhoea, colds, sore throat, dandruff, skin irritations and measles.
if I get hiccoughs, and maybe not even bother to vote
He said: "The financial impact of MS is pretty horrific, especially as it hits you in your prime, when you don't have any hiccoughs in your life.
So I'm going to ignore Bella Luna its hiccoughs and welcome it as a good value, enjoyable place to eat.
"The most terrifying aspect of Evelyn Waugh as a parent," according to Auberon, "was that he reserved the right not just to deny affection to his children but to advertise an acute and unqualified dislike of them." The terror dissipated as Auberon grew older, though their relationship still had its hiccoughs. In Cyprus for a stint of mandatory national service, Auberon accidentally shot himself with a turret-mounted machine gun.
Nausea and vomiting can be helped with antiemetics and hiccoughs are not associated with an adverse reaction to this drug.
There are innumerable potential causes of hiccoughs. Effective drugs to treat this condition include:
But all holidays have a few hiccoughs. And next day, we were able to fully appreciate the wonderful area of France that we had decided to visit.