hiccup


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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
Another common cause of hiccups is gastroesophageal disease (GERD), which occurs when acid leaves the stomach and rolls up into the esophagus (the food tube).
5,7) It has been proposed that stimulation originating from the superficial and deep cardiac plexuses connect to the afferent limb of the hiccup reflex arc causing hiccups.
I tell them that hiccups are usually more bothersome to the observing adults than they are for babies.
2),(3),(4),(5),(6) Most folk remedies for hiccup involve some form of pharyngeal stimulation(7): the rapid ingestion of two teaspoons of sugar; the rapid ingestion of two glasses of liquor; swallowing dry bread; swallowing crushed ice; having someone shout "Boo
And just when he thinks the hiccups are gone, one last loud hiccup escapes.
A wolf puppy seems to be suffering from serious hiccups as shown from a YouTube video garnering more than 100,000 viewers while baby goats made a comeback at the Sunflower Farm with over 200,000 viewers.
Toothless and Hiccup are leading characters with disabilities.
Babies hiccup inside the uterus, possibly in preparation for breathing when they are born.
When Hiccup is designing a replacement tail-wing for Toothless, he flips through and scatters pages on the floor, which are video projections timed to synchronize with his movements.
Hiccup takes pity on the deadly creature and sets it free, in the process he soon realises that there is more to these creature than he previously thought.
The discovery was made during an MRI scan in Tokyo, after Mr Sands was flown out by a TV station to see a hiccup specialist.
Recognizing that the brainstem is part of the hiccup reflex arc, Dr.