hiccup

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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
Such was the case with an 18-year-old man who recently came to my office with intractable hiccups.
Remedies are usually designed to shock the system into stopping the hiccups, like drinking very cold water or making somebody jump but a good one is to get the sufferer to sit with their mouth wide open and to concentrate on what you are saying to them.
Common reported causes of hiccup are gastric distension, gastritis, gallbladder distension, subphrenic abscess, pancreatitis, esophageal obstruction, pneumonia, alcohol, uremia, mediastinal tumor, cervical tumor, intracranial tumor, brain stem lesion, head injury, encephalitis, meningitis, and psychogenic sources.
With phone calls to the company on how to find the Hiccup surprise mounting daily, Fisher-Price today revealed a clue at www.
How to Train Your Dragon 2 shows Hiccup (voiced by Jay Baruchel) discovering a team of dragon-trappers in a far-off land.
If they're persistent, hiccups may be due to physical irritation of the diaphragm or the nerves that supply it.
Amanda Corby from Hull, who had a vicious bout of hiccups up to five times a day for 11 years, had hiccups every two seconds in episodes that can last up to 10 minutes at a time, the Daily star reported.
The best we can do is to say that hiccups are caused by something irritating the diaphragm.
NO HORSE travelled further to Warwick yesterday than Hiccups.
Now scientists in New Orleans believe they have found a cure after neurosurgeons at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Centre implanted a device which controls the Vagus nerve, which, if irritated, can cause hiccups.
To find out, let's take a closer look at what happens when you have the hiccups.