hidden curriculum


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hidden curriculum

a set of values, attitudes, knowledge frames, which are embodied in the organization and processes of schooling and which are implicitly conveyed to pupils.

Although all schools have a formal curriculum comprising areas of academic knowledge which pupils are expected to acquire, it is the form of schooling, the messages transmitted as a result of its organization and practices, which is more powerful than the content of subjects. It promotes social control and an acceptance of the school's, and hence society's, authority structure.

Sociologists argue that the basic function of schooling is to reproduce society's VALUES and NORMS. Both structural-functionalists and Marxists agree on this, but for quite different reasons. The former argue that it is necessary in order to maintain the stability of the social order in the interest of all (see, for example, Parsons, 1959), whereas Marxists see the basic function of education as the reproduction of the social relations of capitalist economic production, and thus the maintenance of a class order which subordinates the proletariat. It is this latter function which is achieved predominantly through the hidden curriculum (see Bowles and Gintis, 1976).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Hidden Curriculum, Ethics Teaching, and the structure of medical education.
Table 10 Hidden curriculum promotes environment and attitudes, which exerts influence over the transmitting of the social conflicts.
Help trainees undo some of the hidden curriculum (Hafferty, 1998) that values linear thinking and devalues a systems approach.
The role of the hidden curriculum in "on doctoring" courses.
However, he said a hidden curriculum like demonstrating things practically, keeping up punctuality, discipline and good human-values is equally imperative.
However, he said a hidden curriculum like demonstrating things practically,keeping up punctuality, discipline and good human-values is equally imperative.
The programme was designed to train and educate students, through mainly the hidden curriculum and to some extent explicit curriculum.
Interprofessional based experiential case based learning can reinforce the art and science of medicine in a more humanistic fashion that not only appeals to the explicit nonfactual learning of the medical student but also the implicit hidden curriculum which is imbibed by students.
iCARE, like other programs could have influence or be obstructed by the hidden curriculum.
Experiences of knowledge acquired through the hidden curriculum by professionals graduated from the School of Psychology in Tepatitlan, Mexico
Consistent with Pinar's (2000) formulation of curriculum as "reconceptualization" we argue for a direct unveiling of the hidden curriculum and the use of curriculum to empower new teachers to author their own pedagogical identities.