hidden curriculum

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hidden curriculum

a set of values, attitudes, knowledge frames, which are embodied in the organization and processes of schooling and which are implicitly conveyed to pupils.

Although all schools have a formal curriculum comprising areas of academic knowledge which pupils are expected to acquire, it is the form of schooling, the messages transmitted as a result of its organization and practices, which is more powerful than the content of subjects. It promotes social control and an acceptance of the school's, and hence society's, authority structure.

Sociologists argue that the basic function of schooling is to reproduce society's VALUES and NORMS. Both structural-functionalists and Marxists agree on this, but for quite different reasons. The former argue that it is necessary in order to maintain the stability of the social order in the interest of all (see, for example, Parsons, 1959), whereas Marxists see the basic function of education as the reproduction of the social relations of capitalist economic production, and thus the maintenance of a class order which subordinates the proletariat. It is this latter function which is achieved predominantly through the hidden curriculum (see Bowles and Gintis, 1976).

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Values are transmitted by nursing educators and institutions not only consciously in the nursing curriculum, but also unconsciously in the hidden curriculum. Each year many registered nurses are disciplined by their state board of nursing for failure to act appropriately when confronted with values-based decisions.
The hidden curriculum revisited: A critical review of research into the influence of summative assessment on learning.
In doing this, educators are exposing the 'hidden curriculum' within educational institutions, thus moving towards breaking down the barriers to student achievement of successful educational outcomes.
The hidden curriculum and moral education: Deception or discovery?
This reflective work is important because, like the hidden curriculum work that precedes it, the authors show how the feedback they provided their students in effect worked against democratic ideals in teaching and especially against fostering the value of cultural diversity.
In medical education, professionalism has been referred to as the hidden curriculum, with elements from law, ethics, and the humanities.
Chapter Four, which contains the book's most salient point, confirmed what I had suspected: "[T]he question of school failure did not come to revolve around students' cognitive knowledge and proficiency or lack thereof--but around what is known as the hidden curriculum" (p.
Sometimes, however, the explicit and implicit curricula coexist and can send incongruent messages, leaving students confused about the disconnect between the explicit messages and values they are taught and the implicit values of the hidden curriculum exemplified in the academic culture.
The way that Sentinel staff and students treat each other, and the activities they engage in to help the community, are part of what Heal refers to as the "hidden curriculum," because it isn't associated with a traditional test.
Witches, weather gods, and phlogiston: The demise of the hidden curriculum. Curriculum Inquiry, 18 (4), 453- 463.
A hidden curriculum with regard to the Middle East, Islam and Muslims has been used in Western schools since a long time.