hierarchical routing


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hierarchical routing

The complex problem of routing on large networks can be simplified by breaking a network into a hierarchy of smaller networks, where each level is responsible for its own routing. The Internet has, basically, three levels: the backbones, the mid-levels, and the stub networks. The backbones know how to route between the mid-levels, the mid-levels know how to route between the sites, and each site (being an autonomous system) knows how to route internally. See also Exterior Gateway Protocol, Interior Gateway Protocol, transit network.
References in periodicals archive ?
Is a hierarchical routing protocol that combines sensors into clusters, each controlled by CH.
A hierarchical routing protocol gives the preference to a node with highest energy to be called as CH.
The way to organize WSNs can be divided into three categories: (a) the cluster routing methods; (b) the hierarchical routing method; and (c) the itinerary routing method [14,15].
The topics include interval-valued hesitant fuzzy geometric Bonferroni mean aggregation operator, deep learning with large scale dataset for credit card data analysis, improving the histogram for infrequent color-based illustration image classification, an improved intelligent student advising system, and a quality-of-service-aware hierarchical routing protocol based on signal-to-interference plus noise ratio and link duration for mobile ad hoc networks.
As shown in the previous discussion, there are no works focusing on reviewing the hierarchical routing protocols that support the mobility of sensor nodes and/or sink node.
According to many researchers such as [24] [23] [27] the best type of routing data in WSNs are the hierarchical routing protocols.
[58] I., O., Eleburuike, S., S., Adekunle, "An energy efficient protocol based on hierarchical routing technique for WSN", Master Thesis Blekinge Institute of Technology, 2010.
ZHLS (Zone-Based Hierarchical Link-State Routing) [1, 12] protocol incorporates location information into a novel peer-to-peer hierarchical routing approach.
Since the main objective of this paper is to find the impact of network structure based hierarchical routing protocols on various parameters of sensor networks, we described here a brief introduction about different categories of routing protocols used in WSNs.
Hierarchical routing techniques divide the network into distinguished clusters.

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