hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
The process of the hierarchization of laws enables, finally, every legal system, present at the national, international or European level, to specify which rules have a place in its legal order.
Wolfe continues, "This systematic parsing of the animal other into quite different and discrete ontological and ethical categories would in turn evince the obsessive hierarchization and classification of the other so central to the Enlightenment project" ("Fathers" 251-252).
Of course, this spatial apartness accomplishes the fundamental colonial project of erecting artificial boundaries between colonial over-lordship and its subjugated others, executing a social stratification and cultural hierarchization based on power and racial relations.
By using testimonies of victims, the usefulness of the proposed taxonomy permits to establish an initial hierarchization of the relevance of the different effects of terrorist psychological violence.
Nevertheless, critics bave pointed out that the theme of gold and pleasure traverses both parts of the novel and that the social hierarchization of the classes in the prologue corresponds to the sexual hierarchization between the sex slave Paquita and the siblings in the second half of the novel.
We consider that a good knowledge of the characteristics of the personality-orientation system and of the motivational hierarchical structure of students majoring in Physical Education and Sports, the inventorization and hierarchization of the important elements generating satisfaction (individually, for each subject) can show important aspects regarding the aspirations and expectations of our students and of their disponibility to work in the field they have chosen.
Racism took shape at this point (racism in its modern, "biologizing" statist form): it was then that a whole politics of settlement (peuplement), family, marriage, education, social hierarchization, and property, accompanied by a long series of permanent interventions at the level of the body, conduct, health and everyday life, received their color and their justification from the mythical concern with protecting the purity of the blood and ensuring the triumph of the race.
the archontic principle of legitimization, without criteria of classification and of hierarchization.
Pre-Constantinian Christians, however, worked under different constraints that resulted in "a hierarchization in which the communal was often preferred to the private" (60).
Therefore, a sound hierarchization of senses in the lexical entry is only of limited use if the WSD algorithm is unable to decide on the appropriate level of granularity for each word occurrence.