hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
Hung-Chi Liao's three books--The Story from Deep Sea, The Cetacean Life, The Book of Whales and Dolphins--all explore how contact with the cetaceans triggers enlightening inspiration for him and how this creative force of affect within the transcendent immanence helps him break away from the hierarchized consciousness on the land in search of a new spiritual territory for self-transformation and healing of inner wounds.
However, the migrant workers' access to the labor market is also marked by a process of racialization which promotes practices and discourses whose outcome is a hierarchized representation of differences--simultaneously physical and cultural, real and imagined, but always oriented towards the production of social marginalization and productive subordination.
An axiological network, topically hierarchized of fundamental principles, of strict standards (or rules) and of legal values whose function is, while avoiding or overcoming antinomies in a broad sense, to fulfill the justifying goals of the Democratic State, as they are embodied, explicitly or implicitly, in the Constitution.
Elliot" exemplifies the ironic and hierarchized good sex/bad sex binary Gayle Rubin delineates in "Thinking Sex" According to Rubin, sexual values--like other value systems surrounding race, ethnicity, and religion--form hierarchical binaries that counterpose a privileged term residing within a charmed circle against a degraded other residing outside, thereby articulating an imaginary line of difference and implied divergence.
They also envisage comprehensive care, which goes beyond the hierarchized organizational structure of health care, extends into the problem-solving ability of individual and collective care guaranteed to SUS users and demands commitment to continuous learning through interdisciplinary contact.
The title and identity of an engineer in France referred to different elements of the profession; "The profession of Engineer in France is fragmented, and it is markedly hierarchized in occupational and social terms.
According to a certain illocutionary model in a given society we are correlatively dealing with 'hegemonic societies' (the Indian castes), 'authorithary hierarchized societies' (authoritarian and totalitarian regime) and 'formally hierarchized societies' (democratic-liberal regimes).
In particular, Brock's focus on recovering a substantial self indicates his political conversion was wrought from a new, hierarchized relation of morality to expediency, and that his identity has now arrived at its final destination, with little room for amendment.
In the gaze of the woman artist, new possibilities for female subjectivity are envisioned, the familiar model of "seeing," the constitution of identity through a hierarchized subject-object relationship, is overthrown.
Modernist cultures, like ours, are organized by patterns of belief and behavior that naturalize hierarchized relationships, giving more value and purpose to some humans over others, and to human communities over the natural systems we depend upon.
A whole interpreted as a network of relations between factors that in principle are not hierarchized, although the evolution of the model shows a clear tendency to give priority precisely to repertoires over the rest of the factors (producers, consumers, products, institution and market), including the individuals who produce, consume or regulate the cultural market.
26) Philosophers Deleuze and Guattari rewrote body and the self/other dichotomy in terms of networks and flows of intensities that Grosz claims have been falsely hierarchized and "inscripted" by Western biology and medicine; (27) the solution being in the destratification of subject/object relationships, and in "freeing lines of flight.