hierarchy


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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, just as lots of social connections make an individual a more attractive candidate for promotion within a firm, having a higher position within an organizational hierarchy can make them a more attractive social tie.
In what follows, we shall set up super-Hamiltonian structures for the generalized super-NLS-mKdV hierarchy. Through calculations, we obtain
Psychologically, employees in the smaller business need to see the "hierarchy" as a source of empowerment and a resource--a place to go when they have a need for some way to deliver service, not a place to go for permission.
But the most obvious advantage of using blocks is seen with replicated hierarchy. When a block symbol is placed two or more times in a schematic, there is still only one underlying schematic.
The uneven distribution of power in a Chinese society places individuals in different positions on a social hierarchy (Leung & Chan, 2003).
Dumont's use of the concept of hierarchy is directly related to his theory of values, which in his view invariably organize the relations between elements in a culture.
Our hierarchy discovery algorithm, hierarchy induction through models and trajectories (HI-MAT), leverages this causally annotated trajectory to discover a coherent task hierarchy that minimizes the number of intertask causal links.
* Session 1--Several examples were explained to student groups (and individually) with more emphasis on difference between main and support hierarchy and on complex attributes for connecting classes.
The first three chapters of the book, "The Christian and Non-Christian Sources," "The Angelic Hierarchy," and the "Unknowability of God," provide an overview for sources of Dionysius's CD.
Petrina (formerly of the Institute of Mathematics of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences) begins this monograph on stochastic dynamics and the Boltzmann hierarchy by surveying the results concerning the existence of solutions of the BBGKY (Bogolyubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon) hierarchy of a system of hard spheres and presents a justification of the Boltzman-Grad limit, giving attention to the boundary conditions for both the BBGKY hierarchy and the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy.
The Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board and the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board have issued the following pronouncements that incorporate their GAAP hierarchy into their respective authoritative literature: