Taken together, these data show that the boundary cells in the hindbrain
sense mechanical forces through Yap/Taz-TEAD to regulate the proliferation of progenitors during segmentation.
Isthmus organizer for midbrain and hindbrain
The column on the right has the convention of colors: (1) Frontal Lobe; (2) Insula; (3) Limbic Lobe; (4) Hippocampal Formation; (5) Occipital Lobe; (6) Parietal Lobe; (7) Temporal Lobe; (8) Amygdala; (9) Basal Ganglia; (10) Diencephalon; (11) Mesencephalon; (12) Hindbrain
Moreover, animal studies have previously shown that prenatal coverage of a spina bifida-like lesion preserves neurologic function and improves hindbrain
In addition, the structure of some brain regions, such as the midbrain, the hippocampus, and the hindbrain
, was shown to be altered by leptin (19,20,21,22).
Human brain comprises on three major parts; forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain
. Forebrain consists of cerebrum and the limbic system.
Larvae >6 mm have pigment in the mid- and hindbrain
9:45 EVOLUTIONARY DIVERGENCE OF HOXA2 GENE EXPRESSION WITHIN THE DEVELOPING HINDBRAIN
OF VERTEBRATE EMBRYOS, Adam Davis and E.
In fact, the lateral paraventricular nucleus (PVN) connects to areas in the hindbrain
responsible for the sympathetic activity via neurons that secrete CRH (11-13).
Hypothalamic oxytocin neurons project likewise to the hindbrain
. Oxytocin is also produced in peripheral tissues, including the uterus, ovaries, testes, retina, and heart.
In this review we will describe the dynamic processes of neuronal migration and discuss current understanding of the underlying mechanisms by using mainly inhibitory cortical interneurons and neurons in the hindbrain