hindgut


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hindgut

[′hīn‚gət]
(embryology)
The caudal portion of the embryonic digestive tube in vertebrates.
References in periodicals archive ?
The lowest expression of npy mRNA was observed in the liver, heart, gill, pituitary and hindgut.
Three fibrous feed resources varying in total and proportional soluble and insoluble fiber content as well as in vitro stimulation of hindgut fermentation (Table 1) were selected for the current in vivo evaluation, i.e.
While this study focused on just one part of endoderm internalization, the hindgut, it is still unknown how the foregut, which forms the trachea, lungs, esophagus, stomach, and liver, and the midgut, which forms the pancreas and small intestine, are formed.
"Certainly with gastric bypass, we talk about foregut and hindgut theory in terms of incretin effect,"
For instance, Hoxa3 and Hoxb4 were found to be specifically expressed in the foregut, while Hoxc5 and Hoxa13 were found to be more expressed in the midgut and hindgut, respectively.
In brief, tailgut cysts are congenital remnants of retrorectal cysts, the most common of the primitive hindgut, and can be symptomatic or asymptomatic.
Next, they used additional series of progressive genetic and biochemical manipulations, telling PGECs to form human hindgut and liver organoids.
The approval is for adult patients with somatostatin receptor-positive GEP-NETs and it includes conditions such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut neuroendocrine tumours.
Novartis announced that Advanced Accelerator Applications, a subsidiary of Novartis Groupe S.A., has received US Food and Drug Administration approval of its new drug application for Lutathera for the treatment of somatostatin receptor positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, including foregut, midgut, and hindgut neuroendocrine tumors, in adults.
Subsequently, PGCs migrate along the hindgut and midgut endoderm until near the gonadal ridge (GR) [46].
These changes are believed to take place within minutes of the RYGB surgery being performed and are considered as triggering gears that activate a multitude of subsequent downstream mechanisms (hindgut, foregut, and midgut theories), which might account for why glycaemic improvements are observed independent of any weight loss occurring.
nov., isolated from the hindgut of the termite Reticulitermes flavipes," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.