hippopotamus


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hippopotamus,

herbivorous, river-living mammal of tropical Africa. The large hippopotamus, Hippopotamus amphibius, has a short-legged, broad body with a tough gray or brown hide. The male stands about 5 ft (160 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 5 tons (4,500 kg); the female is slightly smaller. The mouth is wide, and the incisors and lower canines are large ivory tusks that grow throughout life. The eyes are near the top of the head, so the animal can see when nearly submerged. Hippopotamuses usually live in herds of about 15 animals. Much of their time is spent standing or swimming underwater, where they feed on aquatic plants; they must rise to breathe every 5 minutes or so. At night groups of animals feed on the shore. The hippopotamus is hunted for meat, and Africans have used the hide for shields and whips. Once widespread in Africa, the animal is now rare except in unsettled areas and reserves. The pygmy hippopotamus, Choeropsis liberiensis, is found in W Africa. It is about 30 in. (75 cm) tall at the shoulder and weighs about 400 lb (180 kg). It tends to be solitary and spends much of its time on the shore, sleeping by day in thickets. Recent DNA studies indicate that whales are most closely related to hippopotamuses. Hippopotamuses are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Hippopotamidae.

hippopotamus

[‚hip·ə′päd·ə·məs]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for two species of artiodactyl ungulates composing the family Hippopotamidae.

hippopotamus

1. a very large massive gregarious artiodactyl mammal, Hippopotamus amphibius, living in or around the rivers of tropical Africa: family Hippopotamidae. It has short legs and a thick skin sparsely covered with hair
2. pigmy hippopotamus a related but smaller animal, Choeropsis liberiensis
References in periodicals archive ?
Soyinka called Jonathan NEBUCHADNEZZAR, and called Patience Jonathan a HIPPOPOTAMUS. Believe it or not, after that incident, Jonathan PRAISED Soyinka despite the insult.
By early December, the wildlife deaths subsided, and 155 hippopotamus and 86 Cape buffalo carcasses had been disposed of in the Mahango and Buffalo core areas of BNP (Figure 1).
He said the department decided to rescue the hippopotamus since it was a threat to humans and was reported to have damaged some property.
In addition to the rhino, there is also a female hippopotamus at the zoo.
Actualmente existen dos especies de la familia Hippopotamidae: el pequeno y raro hipopotamo pigmeo (Choeropsis liberiensis) y el hipopotamo comun (Hippopotamus amphibius) abundante y de mayor tamano (1,2).
They are believed to have left only one descendant - the hippopotamus.
OKLAHOMA CITY Oklahoma City native Gayla Peevey has welcomed another hippopotamus to the citys zoo, more than 60 years after her song about wanting one for Christmas helped the facility purchase its first.
"It makes sense because he is the hippopotamus," Bardem said of Escobar.
Now a new generation will be switched on to the brothers, who have entertained their fans since 1972 (although they formed a band in 1968 as Halfnelson), as they release their 25th studio album Hippopotamus next Friday.
Maclver's clever, rhythmic lines (impressively rhyming the tricky Hippopotamus throughout) zing as they are read out loud and impressively detailed illustrations from Sarah Davis give each child a distinct personality while adding to the general chaos.
"That's NOT A Hippopotamus!" is a hilarious verse odyssey filled with imaginary names of beasts and beast components encountered by a visiting teacher and her class at the wonderful world of Don's Safari.