Hirsutism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

hirsutism

[′hər·sə‚tiz·əm]
(medicine)
An abnormal condition characterized by growth of hair in unusual places and in unusual amounts.

Hirsutism

 

masculine type of hairiness in women; one of the manifestations of virilism. The term “hirsutism” was introduced into medical practice in 1910 by the French physician E. Apert.

Hirsutism is most often a symptom of several diseases produced by affection of the adrenal cortex and the sex glands. A symptom resembling hirsutism is also observed with the development of a tumor in the anterior pituitary gland, which is accompanied by increased secretion of the hormone that activates function of the adrenal cortex. Hirsutism is revealed by the appearance of hair on the face (mustache and beard), abdomen, chest, arms, and legs. It may be characterized by the predominance of adiposity (“adipose” hirsutism) with excessive development of blackheads or by sharply expressed masculine traits. In the latter case, the musculature and skeleton of young women resemble those of a man (“muscular” hirsutism), and meat-red spots appear on the body (mainly on the face and legs). Hirsutism in little girls is often accompanied by premature development of the external sex organs and of secondary sexual characteristics of the male, underdeveloped internal sex organs, absence of menstruation, enlargement of the mammary glands (owing to fatty, not glandular, tissue), and roughening of the voice; there is psychological and intellectual retardation, and sexual feeling is absent. Treatment of hirsutism calls for surgery and X-ray therapy.

Hairiness is sometimes observed also in women during the climacteric, when there is a decrease in ovarian function. In the absence of the other clinical symptoms observed in pathologic hirsutism, family (genetic) hirsutism, which develops in young women, often in the period of sexual maturation, presents a special picture. This type is apparently the result of an increased sensitivity of the hair bulbs to the normal male-hormone content in the woman’s body. The treatment for this form of hirsutism consists in local attack on the hair bulbs—electrocoagulation and electrolysis.

L. M. GOL’BER

References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline.
Cutaneous examination was done to note the various common features of PCOS like acne, hirsutism, seborrhea, acanthosis nigricans, acrochordons, loss of hair etc.
Ezeh and colleagues conducted a retrospective analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of long-term combination suppressive therapy on hirsutism, acne, and menstrual disturbances in patients with PCOS and to identify the elements that could predict therapeutic response.
Hirsutism scores were determined according to the modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) scoring system (attached as annexure A) and 50% reduction from the baseline was considered effective therapeutic response.
The characteristics of hyperthecosis include severe hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, hirsutism, and virilization [11].
Forty-two healthy, matched for age and BMI, regularly menstruating girls with no clinical signs of hirsutism served as controls.
Idiopathic hirsutism. The definition of idiopathic hirsutism, which is also referred to as simple or peripheral hirsutism, has evolved over time.
BEARDED Swiss Josephine ClofuD LADY llia had hirsutism
Hirsutism is present in 38% of cases whereas none among the controls show hirsutism.
Clinical hirsutism was present in significant number 70% of cases (Ferriman-Gallwey score >7) Table 1.
Methods: This double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial study was conducted at a private clinic in Babol, Iran, between June 2012 and July 2013, and comprised women with idiopathic hirsutism. A diode laser (810nm) treatment was applied monthly for 6 months with an extra session at the 12th month.
Some researchers have suggested that physical symptoms, such as acne, hirsutism, and obesity, are linked to these psychiatric morbidities.