histoplasmosis


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histoplasmosis:

see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Histoplasmosis

 

a fungal disease (mycosis) that attacks primarily the reticuloendothelial system in man and animals.

Histoplasmosis is found mostly in tropical countries. The causative agent is the parasitic fungus Histoplasma, which can survive for long periods in soil. There is no direct indication that histoplasmosis is transmitted from one person to another; it may be transmitted by mites. It occurs in acute, subacute, chronic, disseminated, or localized forms. Histoplasmosis is manifested by enlargement of the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes, fever, and anemia. It involves the skin and mucous membranes (hemorrhages and occasionally ulcerative lesions) in half the patients. Bloody expectoration occurs in pulmonary histoplasmosis. Supportive and radiation therapy, medication, and surgical intervention are used in treatment.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

histoplasmosis

[‚his·tə‚plaz′mō·səs]
(medicine)
An infectious fungus disease of the lungs of humans caused by Histoplasma capsulatum.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oral treatment of paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis with itraconazole in humans.Rev Infect Dis.
As inflammatory cytokines are released during histoplasmosis [3, 4, 6-8], treatment with celecoxib could regulate this production.
Edwards' 1969 survey of histoplasmosis endemicity is impractical to repeat now or in the foreseeable future (3).
Histoplasmosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2016;30(1):207-27.
Visibility of Histoplasma within histiocytes on H&E distinguishes disseminated histoplasmosis from other forms of pulmonary histoplasmosis.
The overall incidence rate of IFIs and more specifically the individual rates of aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis and candidemia are shown here and, with the exception of invasive candidiasis, no similar study has been published in recent years.
Two days later, results from the fungal blood cultures were reported positive for histoplasmosis. She was started on liposomal amphotericin B treatment in addition to immunosuppressants.
We describe a case of a male with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on immunosuppressing medications who presented with fevers and shortness of breath and was found to have miliary histoplasmosis. In immunocompromised patients, diagnosis and management of histoplasmosis may be more challenging.
Chang, "Histoplasmosis," Emedicine, September 2005, http:// www.emedicine.com/MED/topic1021.htm.
A diagnosis of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the right eye due to presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) was made.
Histoplasmosis is a dimorphic fungus, which grows in the form of yeast in infected tissues.