historical demography


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historical demography

the study of past patterns of population structure, FERTILITY, etc., using historical source material, especially for those periods prior to the first Census in 1801. In the UK, the subject has flourished particularly since the 1950s using data gathered from PARISH REGISTERS, wills, tombstones, and the like. The findings of this research (e.g. Laslett, 1972; Wrigley, 1966) have lead to a reappraisal of previous assumptions about the ‘preindustrial family’ (e.g. its ‘extended’ form). In more general terms, historical demography has thrown new light on the overall relation between family size and structure, patterns of sexual behaviour, social mobility and population change where data had been previously lacking. See also DEMOGRAPHY.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the field of historical demography he not only produced the definitive study of nineteenth-century Java, but also wrote more broadly on the subjects of fertility, birth control, disease, and medicine, making key contributions to the debate over the causes of low population growth in precolonial Southeast Asia, and of the subsequent population boom.
Fahey, Ricklefs & DeWoody examined historical demography of 16 bird species in Hispaniola based on nuclear DNA (nuDNA) data and discussed the concordance between nuDNA and mtDNA.
Interdisciplinary in its methodological approach, it relies on data from archaeology, ethnology, comparative and historical linguistics, historical demography, historical geography, and historical ecology.
This is just a happenstance of historical demography.
In his speech at the Arab League (AL) ministerial meeting in Cairo on Wednesday, Mansour warned that the "fire of the crisis in Syria will extend to all of us," asserting that "Lebanon started to suffer due to its repercussions," "The extremist groups in Syria sought to undermine the ancient historical demography fabric of the Syrian and Lebanese peoples in the joint areas in al-Qseir city and the villages adjacent to Lebanon, as these terrorist groups perpetrated killing, intimidation and displacement acts against the people there and destroyed their properties, houses, mosques and churches," he said.
More ominous perhaps was the participation of some scholars in the plunder of collections of Judaica in Eastern Europe or the research of historians such as Werner Conze or Theodor Sehieder on the historical demography of East-Central Europe, work that included advocating that region's "dejewi fixation.
The political fallout from this approach discouraged further work on demography and historical demography after the 1970s.
Feinstein was a meticulous historian, adept at utilizing official statistics and commission reports; the text of this relatively short economic history of South Africa is resplendent with numerous graphs, tables, and maps, followed by appendices devoted to South African historical demography, geographic-climatic zones, and its labor force, and a very useful and succinct bibliography and bibliographic essay.
This is likely due to its parentage in historical demography, where population numbers are often invoked to explain grand historical trends or to fill in the gaps of scanty documentary or material evidence.
The discourse was unfamiliar to many of them and scholars who had thrown in their lot with historical demography and quantitative analysis had no problem disregarding this criticism.
Historical Demography Committee, International Union for the Sceintific Study of Population, IUSSP.
Other demographic topics that are each explored in several articles are: applied demography, demographic techniques, economic demography, fertility, historical demography, mortality and health, political demography, population statistics and data collection, prehistoric demography, reproduction and birth control, and urban demography.

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