historical demography


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historical demography

the study of past patterns of population structure, FERTILITY, etc., using historical source material, especially for those periods prior to the first Census in 1801. In the UK, the subject has flourished particularly since the 1950s using data gathered from PARISH REGISTERS, wills, tombstones, and the like. The findings of this research (e.g. Laslett, 1972; Wrigley, 1966) have lead to a reappraisal of previous assumptions about the ‘preindustrial family’ (e.g. its ‘extended’ form). In more general terms, historical demography has thrown new light on the overall relation between family size and structure, patterns of sexual behaviour, social mobility and population change where data had been previously lacking. See also DEMOGRAPHY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Angelique Janssens, Professor of Historical Demography. Together with Jacco Wallinga (LUMC)
We hypothesized that Pleistocene climatic oscillations and their characteristics life-history traits influenced significantly on its historical demography. The results indicate that chub mackerel lacks genetic structure, exhibits high levels of gene flow and that it passed through a population expansion that took place during Late Pleistocene.
In the field of historical demography he not only produced the definitive study of nineteenth-century Java, but also wrote more broadly on the subjects of fertility, birth control, disease, and medicine, making key contributions to the debate over the causes of low population growth in precolonial Southeast Asia, and of the subsequent population boom.
Fahey, Ricklefs & DeWoody examined historical demography of 16 bird species in Hispaniola based on nuclear DNA (nuDNA) data and discussed the concordance between nuDNA and mtDNA.
Interdisciplinary in its methodological approach, it relies on data from archaeology, ethnology, comparative and historical linguistics, historical demography, historical geography, and historical ecology.
(One out of every 800 members of the general population has the mutation.) This is just a happenstance of historical demography.
In his speech at the Arab League (AL) ministerial meeting in Cairo on Wednesday, Mansour warned that the "fire of the crisis in Syria will extend to all of us," asserting that "Lebanon started to suffer due to its repercussions," "The extremist groups in Syria sought to undermine the ancient historical demography fabric of the Syrian and Lebanese peoples in the joint areas in al-Qseir city and the villages adjacent to Lebanon, as these terrorist groups perpetrated killing, intimidation and displacement acts against the people there and destroyed their properties, houses, mosques and churches," he said.
"Historical demography and economics has shown that famines and epidemics that have short-run effects on health and well-being often have long-term consequences," says the report.
Beginning with an overview of Lowestoft's medieval history, the volume goes on to cover topographical features of the town; historical demography; occupations and the local economy; housing, population, and social geography; house design and interior arrangements; wealth, credit, and inheritance; fishing and maritime trade; agriculture and allied industries; parochial and manorial administration; literacy, education, and religious belief; and urban status and identity.
More ominous perhaps was the participation of some scholars in the plunder of collections of Judaica in Eastern Europe or the research of historians such as Werner Conze or Theodor Sehieder on the historical demography of East-Central Europe, work that included advocating that region's "dejewi fixation." Though Steinweis does not go as far as Gotz Aly and Susanne Heim in describing Conze, Schieder, and others as "architects of annihilation," he concludes that they "contributed to decision making by helping to define and articulate the alleged' problem, 'generating concrete information about Jewish communities, recommending a range of possible solutions, and providing arguments that could be invoked by Nazi leaders seeking to justify one policy or another" (p.

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