history of mentalities


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history of mentalities

an approach to historical study (as seen, for example, in the work of the French historians Fernand BRAUDEL, 1949, and Emanuel Le Roy Ladurie, 1978) in which the goal is the historical recovery and reconstruction of the ideas, emotions and mental structures of historical persons, especially the ideas of ordinary persons as well as the great and famous. In the work of Phillipe Aries (1962), the focus is on psychological investigation of the past, i.e. on PSYCHOHISTORY. In the work of Braudel, the mentalities are the mind sets, paradigms and points of view embedded in institutions which give coherence to, and make up the ‘totality’ of, a historical epoch. see also ANNALES SCHOOL.
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In other words, Foucault's efforts in trying to describe the history of thought should in no way be construed to mean that he is also trying to describe the history of ideas or the history of mentalities.
Durkheim took this history of mentalities and saw in it a collective consciousness or conscience depending on the translation.
Instead of working systematically on the basis of the ideology at the center of this approach, scholars applying the history of mentalities looked in a quite different direction for methodological guidance, namely to quantitative analysis.
After a complicated question about the history of mentalities, the new history and the `imaginaire social', Ginzburg replies disarmingly that he is not interested in labels and doesn't care what people call him.
Although Seginger does not explicitly provide critical glosses on the way that twentieth-century historiographical approaches such as l'histoire evenemetielle or the history of mentalities intersect with nineteenth-century approaches, she argues persuasively that Flaubert innovates in the form of the roman des mentalites.
Antinomies also haunt the world of Renaissance architecture studies (and not least the study of Serlio, now rescued from the disdain apparent in much earlier scholarship), notably between a rising interest in the history of mentalities and ideological formations and a relatively conservative intellectual history.
His writings are encyclopedic, and he pioneered the study of early modern sociability as well as the attempt to integrate material culture into the history of mentalities and ideas.
His analysis of 3,389 testaments redacted between 1200 and 1425, containing 21,351 pious bequests, shows a variety of modifications in the pattern of testamentary giving that confirm the importance of the plague's return in 1362-63 as a turning point in the history of mentalities.
The evolving history of mentalities and material culture encouraged such a "turn," and the series "Picturing History" in which Eyewitnessing appears was launched in 1995 to promote this development.
IN THE LAST GENERATION or so, historians have widened their interests considerably to include the history of mentalities, the history of everyday life, the history of material culture, the history of the body and so on.
Curry concludes his book with a sophisticated analysis of astrology's fortunes in terms of the history of mentalities.
This latter result is particularly interesting with regard to the history of mentalities in the eighteenth century.