history painting


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history painting,

the painting of scenes from classical and Christian history and mythology. It was taught in the academies of artacademies of art,
official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar groups formed in classical Greece.
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, from the Renaissance to the 19th cent., as the highest form of art in an hierarchical grouping that ranked still-life painting lowest on the list. Included in the category were scenes from contemporary history, such as Velázquez's Surrender at Breda, and commemorative works and apotheoses, such as Rubens's Life of Marie de' Medici. Scenes from antiquity dominated 18th-century painting, and modern subjects were exalted by treating them in classical terms. A modern work cited as falling within the history-painting tradition is Picasso's Guernica.
References in periodicals archive ?
The young man continued competing with large history paintings, then considered the supreme art form.
I imagine the bombshelter of these two lovers as a holodeck of possibilities, projecting the skies of romantic paintings behind them and allowing them to simulate and perform the heroic archetypes of history painting.
As a result, confusion reigned between history painting in the grand style and large sensationalist canvases.
The image is often used to mask horror and, for Tuymans, only fragmentary images can create universal images or history paintings.
Delaroche's history paintings, on which he built his reputation, are displayed together with works by his peers in England and France, showing how history painting both reflected contemporary culture and contributed to the mythologising of historical events.
The genre is defined by its subject matter - anything to do with the sea, but especially ships under sail - and has its roots in 19th century seascapes and history painting of naval battles.
In other essays, however, she observes that traditional conventions of visual culture, particularly those of history painting and religious iconography, served Free State painters well as they shed earlier stereotypes to create imagery grounded in the revolutionary violence and heroics leading to nationhood.
Nevertheless, Laurens gave the Salon community--and Lefebvre--a model of a Salon painter re-imagining academic art and the genre of history painting.
Here, again, Saul makes use of large fields of deep red, as if alluding to Delacroix's craziest history painting, Death of Sardanapalis (1827), which, like these Sauls, shows how destructive and stupid are those actors we call heroes.
Though much of the Victorian legacy, from St Pancras Station to the Pre-Raphaelites, has since swung spectacularly back into favour, the same can't be said of Victorian history painting.
In London Kauffman's circle included prominent male supporters, such as businessman George Bowles and Royal Academy president Joshua Reynolds, whose Discourses were intended to encourage a British school of history painting.
Boydell was trying to instill the values of history painting, with its strong geometrical form, its condensation of energy and importance in towering figures set against epic backdrops.

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