Hitch

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hitch

[hich]
(geology)
A fault of strata common in coal measures, accompanied by displacement.
A minor dislocation of a vein or stratum not exceeding in extent the thickness of the vein or stratum.
(mining engineering)
A step cut in the rock face to hold timber support in an underground working.
A hole cut in side rock solid enough to hold the cap of a set of timbers, permitting the leg to be dispensed with.

Hitch

 

in agriculture, a device for attaching several machines to a tractor in order to use the pulling force of the tractor efficiently and to increase the productivity of the unit. Hitches may be general-purpose, special-purpose, trailer, semimounted, or mounted.

General-purpose trailer hitches are used to connect tractors with trailed machines. They consist of two or three beams equipped with extension arms and support wheels and hinged to follow the terrain irregularities better. The machines and extension arms are attached to the beams with clamps that can be moved to ensure correct positioning of the machines or equipment in the unit. The hitch has a tongue for attachment to the tractor. Special-purpose hitches do not usually have wheels; they are composed of links that join the machines to each other, as in plowing combines.

Semimounted hitches are used to attach a tractor to a unit of three mounted machines, each with a working width of 1.8–2.8 m. One machine is fitted to the mounting system of the tractor, and the two others are attached to side mountings on the hitch, similar to the tractor’s own mounting system. Each mounting on the hitch is equipped with a hydraulic cylinder that is operated by the tractor’s hydraulic system; it is used only for lifting the mounted machine. The machine is lowered by its own weight. The proper spacing of machines with different working widths can be achieved by moving the carriage of the hitch’s mounting mechanism along the beam.

A general-purpose hitch can be used to mount harrow units on tractors of small and medium capacity. The harrow units are attached to the post and brackets of the mounting by means of a hinged brace, two long chains, and one short chain. In order to mount harrow units of different working widths, the brackets of the mounting are moved along the beam. One hitch beam can carry three toothed harrow units or two latticed harrow units. A hitch beam may be extended by inserting two tubes in openings in both sides of the beam. The tubes are smaller in diameter than the beam and are welded to brackets for mounting one toothed harrow unit each, for a total of five harrow units.

A. D. UGAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The tow chain had been hitched high on the back of the tractor.
However, when a load is hitched high on the tractor or attached directly to the rear axle, less power is required to lift the front end of the tractor than to move the load or slip the wheels, which may result in a rollover through rearward rotation.
Consider those ideas and more tonight as Tippi Hedren, Janet Leigh and Eva Marie Saint appear on WE: Women's Entertainment cable network's special ``The Girl's Guide to Getting Hitched.
later was hitched to a carriage and pulled Pariseau as he performed.
Then he'd be up before dawn, getting his mules hitched up and ready to turn a sweet potato field into a park that would be called Roscoe, then later have its name changed, like the whole town, to Sun Valley Park.
didn't have jobs lined up, he hitched up the mules and graded out a ballpark in their back yard - playing baseball with his sons until the sun went down.
In the competition, the two-horse team is hitched to a 1,000-pound sled initially weighed down with bags of feed totaling 2,500 pounds.