Hitch

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hitch

[hich]
(geology)
A fault of strata common in coal measures, accompanied by displacement.
A minor dislocation of a vein or stratum not exceeding in extent the thickness of the vein or stratum.
(mining engineering)
A step cut in the rock face to hold timber support in an underground working.
A hole cut in side rock solid enough to hold the cap of a set of timbers, permitting the leg to be dispensed with.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hitch

 

in agriculture, a device for attaching several machines to a tractor in order to use the pulling force of the tractor efficiently and to increase the productivity of the unit. Hitches may be general-purpose, special-purpose, trailer, semimounted, or mounted.

General-purpose trailer hitches are used to connect tractors with trailed machines. They consist of two or three beams equipped with extension arms and support wheels and hinged to follow the terrain irregularities better. The machines and extension arms are attached to the beams with clamps that can be moved to ensure correct positioning of the machines or equipment in the unit. The hitch has a tongue for attachment to the tractor. Special-purpose hitches do not usually have wheels; they are composed of links that join the machines to each other, as in plowing combines.

Semimounted hitches are used to attach a tractor to a unit of three mounted machines, each with a working width of 1.8–2.8 m. One machine is fitted to the mounting system of the tractor, and the two others are attached to side mountings on the hitch, similar to the tractor’s own mounting system. Each mounting on the hitch is equipped with a hydraulic cylinder that is operated by the tractor’s hydraulic system; it is used only for lifting the mounted machine. The machine is lowered by its own weight. The proper spacing of machines with different working widths can be achieved by moving the carriage of the hitch’s mounting mechanism along the beam.

A general-purpose hitch can be used to mount harrow units on tractors of small and medium capacity. The harrow units are attached to the post and brackets of the mounting by means of a hinged brace, two long chains, and one short chain. In order to mount harrow units of different working widths, the brackets of the mounting are moved along the beam. One hitch beam can carry three toothed harrow units or two latticed harrow units. A hitch beam may be extended by inserting two tubes in openings in both sides of the beam. The tubes are smaller in diameter than the beam and are welded to brackets for mounting one toothed harrow unit each, for a total of five harrow units.

A. D. UGAROV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Individual preferences dictated how horses were hitched to a plow and whether they were spread across the front of the plow or strung out in teams of two or three.
When they're hitched to a plow, whether it's straight across or strung out, horses learn the "crack the whip" characteristic of completing a square turn.
They hitched with lorry drivers to get to Burkina Faso, and are now heading into Niger and through territory held by Islamic fundamentalists before crossing into Nigeria and heading south through Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and Namibia.
Hitched.co.uk, which has been running for ten years, said its website focuses on weddings and has been developed to suit the needs of its users and advertisers.
'So he asked me to hitch it up, he hitched my skirt up so it was just in line with my panty-line.'
The tow chain had been hitched high on the back of the tractor.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-1 March 2007-Hitwise lists hitched.co.uk as top UK wedding site(C)1994-2007 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com
LIV Tyler got hitched to her husband for the second time yesterday.
A STUNNED trucker last night told of his amazement after a swan hitched a lift on the top of his lorry from England to Scotland.