A detailed history was obtained about the onset, duration, severity and persistence of hoarseness
. A probe was made regarding the relieving and aggravating factors.
A 37-year-old woman presented with a history of cough for 1 week and a gradual onset of hoarseness
that began 2 days before the visit.
Professor Arulogun, in an inaugural lecture she delivered at the University of Ibadan, entitled 'The power of the Hybrid' said hoarseness
, a change in the normal speech pitch, is speech defect and one of the symptoms of various head and neck cancers.
Based on a history of long-standing hoarseness
, voice abuse, and presence of a solitary polypoidal lesion over the true vocal fold, a preoperative diagnosis of a laryngeal polyp was made.
is a change in voice due to injury or irritation of the vocal cords, which are located in the larynx, otherwise known as the voice box.
 Laryngeal tuberculosis occurs mostly in the middle age group with a history of progressive hoarseness
and odynophagia; some factors have been found to occur in these patients that include the absence of BCG vaccination and presence of malnutrition, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, immunosuppression, promiscuity and tobacco use.
of voice usually arouses a suspicion of upper respiratory tract infection including viral or bacterial laryngitis, vocal cord nodule, premalignant or malignant association, underlying systemic disease, or neuromuscular and psychiatric etiologies.
 With increasing stress in day-to-day life, rising level of pollution and changing habits and lifestyles, hoarseness
, and voice disorders per se are becoming more and more prevalent.
She also had hoarseness
of the voice, and she added that her brother has a similar voice problem without any dermatological manifestations.
A 38-year-old woman presented to the outpatient department complaining of hoarseness
of 7 months' duration, which had progressively worsened.
Symptoms progressed over the following 48 hours in which right facial palsy, dysphagia, hoarseness
, hearing loss, and vertigo were all present in the patient [Figure 1].
Laryngitis is usually caused by an infection, often viral, and results in hoarseness
. It also tends to be more common among smokers and drinkers.