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usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement. The earliest hoes were forked sticks. Heavy flaked-stone implements mounted with bitumen were used in Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium B.C. They occur together with flint-bladed sickles and grinding stones—all of which are indications of farming settlements. Hoe blades were made of animal antlers and scapulae, or shoulder blades, and of shells. Variations on the hoe, such as the pick, the adz, and the plowplow
or plough,
agricultural implement used to cut furrows in and turn up the soil, preparing it for planting. The plow is generally considered the most important tillage tool.
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, appeared as the blade progressed from stone to copper, bronze, iron, and steel. Modern garden hoes are of two types, the drag hoe and the thrust hoe. Truck farms use light scraping hoes, chopping hoes, and multibladed hoes, and in large-scale agriculture a cultivating implement called a rotary hoe is used for weeding. The hoe symbolizes the garden horticulture that sustained high civilizations, such as those of pre-Columbian America.


See M. Partridge, Farm Tools Through the Ages (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, motyga; also motyka, sapka, tsapka, and tiapka), a manual agricultural tool for loosening the soil and killing weeds. It consists of a working element and a wooden handle set perpendicular to it. Hoes appeared in the early farming cultures of the Neolithic period (at first in Southwest Asia, and then, with the spread of agriculture, in other countries). The working part of early hoes was made of hard wood, rock, bone, horn, and carapaces of turtles; those of modern hoes are made of steel. With the appearance of plowing implements, hoes came to be used primarily in caring for growing plants. Only among certain peoples in the tropical forest zones of Africa and South-east Asia do they continue to be used as the primary implement for tillage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(design engineering)
An implement consisting of a long handle with a thin, flat, straight-edged blade attached transversely to the end; used for cultivating and weeding.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


backhoe attachment on a crane
An excavating machine for cutting trenches; a boom-mounted bucket moves toward the machine, cutting the ground like a hoe; then the machine turns away from the cut to permit the operator to dump the soil.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
And buried within every soil are myriad dormant weed seeds just waiting to be awakened by light and air, which is what happens when rototilling or vigorous chopping with a concrete hoe brings buried weed seeds to the surface.
Set for 9-inch rows, the hoes opened furrows in the soil into which the seeds fell.
Keong Hoe claimed that the POA is doubtful as his grandmother had suffered a stroke and it does not bear her signature but a thumbprint.
Hoe, 41, formerly of Spencer Terrace, Deighton, was jailed for three years and disqualified from driving for 12 months after he admitted burglary and aggravated vehicle taking.
For weeding beds and borders choose a cutting hoe which does exactly what is says, cuts weeds.
In the year to 31 December 2013, HOE reported revenue of $41mn and employs around 150 people.
From start to finish, Hoe has organized a volume which will hold the attention of any reader.
As aspirantskrywers hulle oe en ore oophou, is daar nog orals "slypskole" van een of ander aard waar hulle vir 'n naweek of langer aan die kniee van meesters en meesteresse kan gaan luister hoe dit nou eintlik gedoen moet word.
Spike hoe was also operated manually at 15, 25, 35 and 45 DAS and its spikes removed minor amount of weeds; crop was laid down after its implementation as in tine cultivator.
There is nothing complicated about making the Victory Hoe.
Knight, currently without a club, started the row by tweeting: "Hoes have to know 80 percent of men have a sat nav hoe alert device programmed into our brains you can't fool us lol.
On 18 July 2012 the Olympic Torch will travel underground on the 9km section from Eurotunnel's Folkestone Terminal to the 30-hectare nature reserve at Samphire Hoe.