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usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement. The earliest hoes were forked sticks. Heavy flaked-stone implements mounted with bitumen were used in Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium B.C. They occur together with flint-bladed sickles and grinding stones—all of which are indications of farming settlements. Hoe blades were made of animal antlers and scapulae, or shoulder blades, and of shells. Variations on the hoe, such as the pick, the adz, and the plowplow
or plough,
agricultural implement used to cut furrows in and turn up the soil, preparing it for planting. The plow is generally considered the most important tillage tool.
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, appeared as the blade progressed from stone to copper, bronze, iron, and steel. Modern garden hoes are of two types, the drag hoe and the thrust hoe. Truck farms use light scraping hoes, chopping hoes, and multibladed hoes, and in large-scale agriculture a cultivating implement called a rotary hoe is used for weeding. The hoe symbolizes the garden horticulture that sustained high civilizations, such as those of pre-Columbian America.


See M. Partridge, Farm Tools Through the Ages (1973).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, motyga; also motyka, sapka, tsapka, and tiapka), a manual agricultural tool for loosening the soil and killing weeds. It consists of a working element and a wooden handle set perpendicular to it. Hoes appeared in the early farming cultures of the Neolithic period (at first in Southwest Asia, and then, with the spread of agriculture, in other countries). The working part of early hoes was made of hard wood, rock, bone, horn, and carapaces of turtles; those of modern hoes are made of steel. With the appearance of plowing implements, hoes came to be used primarily in caring for growing plants. Only among certain peoples in the tropical forest zones of Africa and South-east Asia do they continue to be used as the primary implement for tillage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(design engineering)
An implement consisting of a long handle with a thin, flat, straight-edged blade attached transversely to the end; used for cultivating and weeding.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


backhoe attachment on a crane
An excavating machine for cutting trenches; a boom-mounted bucket moves toward the machine, cutting the ground like a hoe; then the machine turns away from the cut to permit the operator to dump the soil.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(I would disgrace his memory here if I didn't add that these impromptu exercises in community building occasionally also became the stage for a tyrant's temper tantrum--woe betide those artists who did not warm to Hoet's notion of hospitality the way be saw fit.) Art as a human resource--that's where Hoer's genius lay.
Hulle is van Europese en slawe- of Khoi-Khoinherkoms --in die maatskaplike hierargie van die Binnelandse Grensgebied 'n trap of wat hoer as die Khoi-Khoin, het hulle gedink (Elphick & Giliomee 1989:540-541; Nienaber 1989:176).
Se Og Hoer sparked controversy by running a series of revealing snaps of Kate sunbathing topless with husband Prince William, last week.
a direct nail company (www.nurtownamerica.com) Tie Vietnam veteran and former corporate sales executive has hoer) with the franchise since 2007.
In one hand, from cropping to gather the potato s canopy, because of existence the reaction places, some of sunlight didn't be use and this condition cause devoting the soil s moisture, in other hand, it cause increasing it s temperature which it hoer negative impact on potato growth.
(92.) Hoer A, Gothe H, Schiffhorst G, Sterzel A, Grass U, Haussler B.
Joy Reid: I picked beans, strawberries, filters and black caps, and also weeded mint fields - my dad had so much fun telling people his daughter was working as a "hoer" for the summer to earn school-clothes money.
Gossip magazines Se og Hoer and Her og Nu initially published the speculation about a new addition to the royal family, and an online site began taking bets.
Hy het met onderskeiding aan die Hoer Seunskool Worcester gematrikuleer.
Die intensiteit van bewussyn, onder andere ten opsigte van die vlakke van verset, is egter veel hoer in die struggle-tekste.
Breytenbach stel ook nie die ander werk hoer as hierdie nie: Moet asseblief nie verwag dat my logboek, my besinning oor my werk, insiggewend moet wees nie, nie meer so as die gedigte nie (en hopelik ook nie minder nie); dit dek dieselfde veld as die verse (my kursivering--WDB) (p.