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hoe,

usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement. The earliest hoes were forked sticks. Heavy flaked-stone implements mounted with bitumen were used in Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium B.C. They occur together with flint-bladed sickles and grinding stones—all of which are indications of farming settlements. Hoe blades were made of animal antlers and scapulae, or shoulder blades, and of shells. Variations on the hoe, such as the pick, the adz, and the plowplow
or plough,
agricultural implement used to cut furrows in and turn up the soil, preparing it for planting. The plow is generally considered the most important tillage tool.
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, appeared as the blade progressed from stone to copper, bronze, iron, and steel. Modern garden hoes are of two types, the drag hoe and the thrust hoe. Truck farms use light scraping hoes, chopping hoes, and multibladed hoes, and in large-scale agriculture a cultivating implement called a rotary hoe is used for weeding. The hoe symbolizes the garden horticulture that sustained high civilizations, such as those of pre-Columbian America.

Bibliography

See M. Partridge, Farm Tools Through the Ages (1973).

Hoe

 

(in Russian, motyga; also motyka, sapka, tsapka, and tiapka), a manual agricultural tool for loosening the soil and killing weeds. It consists of a working element and a wooden handle set perpendicular to it. Hoes appeared in the early farming cultures of the Neolithic period (at first in Southwest Asia, and then, with the spread of agriculture, in other countries). The working part of early hoes was made of hard wood, rock, bone, horn, and carapaces of turtles; those of modern hoes are made of steel. With the appearance of plowing implements, hoes came to be used primarily in caring for growing plants. Only among certain peoples in the tropical forest zones of Africa and South-east Asia do they continue to be used as the primary implement for tillage.

hoe

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(design engineering)
An implement consisting of a long handle with a thin, flat, straight-edged blade attached transversely to the end; used for cultivating and weeding.

backhoe

backhoe attachment on a crane
An excavating machine for cutting trenches; a boom-mounted bucket moves toward the machine, cutting the ground like a hoe; then the machine turns away from the cut to permit the operator to dump the soil.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new type of cutting hoe was introduced by Wilkinson Sword a few years ago and was named the "Swoe".
Since the hoe and operator station rotates on the carriage, most mini excavators lack a separate slew control.
WITH an arrow-shaped sharp blade, this lightweight hoe has a long wooden handle with no grip so is suitable for all heights.
However, with a jobber, a farmer could space the plants far enough apart in rows to be able to hoe between the hills, even after first using a cultivator.
Scuffle hoes cut with both edges of their sharp, steel blades so they work with either push or pull motions.
Shovels, hoes, rakes, and other basic long-handled tools for working the soil require care and maintenance just as your garden tools with movable parts do.
While HOEs and computer generated holograms (CGHs) are not new technologies to those who follow holography, advances fueled by military research and the exploding augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) markets are adding momentum to holographic-based HUDs and HMDs.
It's more versatile than ever because of an increased number of accessories now available (cultivators, sweeps, stirrup hoes, hilling plows and even a good seeder).
Anthropologists say because hoes were custom-made and hard to come by 'in early agrarian societies where food supplies were inconsistent, a broken, lost or stolen hoe could result in enough missed time planting, cultivating or harvesting to endanger a family's food supply, making the difference between starvation, mere survival or plenty.
There are all sorts of weird shaped hoes and cultivators for sale in the shops.
I make the hoes from a piece of fiat iron strap by bending the strap into an "L" shape and fastening it to a handle such as a broomstick.