hoe

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hoe,

usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement. The earliest hoes were forked sticks. Heavy flaked-stone implements mounted with bitumen were used in Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium B.C. They occur together with flint-bladed sickles and grinding stones—all of which are indications of farming settlements. Hoe blades were made of animal antlers and scapulae, or shoulder blades, and of shells. Variations on the hoe, such as the pick, the adz, and the plowplow
or plough,
agricultural implement used to cut furrows in and turn up the soil, preparing it for planting. The plow is generally considered the most important tillage tool.
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, appeared as the blade progressed from stone to copper, bronze, iron, and steel. Modern garden hoes are of two types, the drag hoe and the thrust hoe. Truck farms use light scraping hoes, chopping hoes, and multibladed hoes, and in large-scale agriculture a cultivating implement called a rotary hoe is used for weeding. The hoe symbolizes the garden horticulture that sustained high civilizations, such as those of pre-Columbian America.

Bibliography

See M. Partridge, Farm Tools Through the Ages (1973).

Hoe

 

(in Russian, motyga; also motyka, sapka, tsapka, and tiapka), a manual agricultural tool for loosening the soil and killing weeds. It consists of a working element and a wooden handle set perpendicular to it. Hoes appeared in the early farming cultures of the Neolithic period (at first in Southwest Asia, and then, with the spread of agriculture, in other countries). The working part of early hoes was made of hard wood, rock, bone, horn, and carapaces of turtles; those of modern hoes are made of steel. With the appearance of plowing implements, hoes came to be used primarily in caring for growing plants. Only among certain peoples in the tropical forest zones of Africa and South-east Asia do they continue to be used as the primary implement for tillage.

hoe

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(design engineering)
An implement consisting of a long handle with a thin, flat, straight-edged blade attached transversely to the end; used for cultivating and weeding.

backhoe

backhoe attachment on a crane
An excavating machine for cutting trenches; a boom-mounted bucket moves toward the machine, cutting the ground like a hoe; then the machine turns away from the cut to permit the operator to dump the soil.
References in classic literature ?
He held a hoe in his hand, and, while Phoebe was gone in quest of the crumbs, had begun to busy himself with drawing up fresh earth about the roots of the tomatoes.
A whaleman's nipper is a short firm strip of tendinous stuff cut from the tapering part of Leviathan's tail: it averages an inch in thickness, and for the rest, is about the size of the iron part of a hoe.
They dig, they hoe, they reap, they sow, they bear monstrous burdens on their backs, they shove similar ones long distances on wheelbarrows, they drag the cart when there is no dog or lean cow to drag it--and when there is, they assist the dog or cow.
Surely they are fitter to her hands than the handle of a hoe," said a third.
Little is known concerning the properties of the tree itself, the source of all this wealth; how much it may be improved by cultivation, by the use of the hoe and plough.
Every child that was large enough to carry a hoe was put to work, and the baby--for usually there was at least one baby--would be laid down at the end of the cotton row, so that its mother could give it a certain amount of attention when she had finished chopping her row.
those poor morsels of land we used to weed and rake and hoe, my boy and I
I did not know who I was and when I grew big enough to work, the Witch made me wait upon her and carry wood for the fire and hoe in the garden.
I have a huge pile of letters to answer, so I must gird up the loins of my mind and hoe in.
The big man leaned upon his hoe and looked up at her.
I put no manure whatever on this land, not being the owner, but merely a squatter, and not expecting to cultivate so much again, and I did not quite hoe it all once.
He wiped his glasses the better to behold his beloved water, then seized a hoe and strode down the main ditch to open more laterals.