broom

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Related to hogweed: cow parsnip, Common Hogweed

broom,

common name for plants of two closely related and similar Old World genera, Cytisus and Genista, of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family). They are mostly twiggy leguminous shrubs with abundant yellow or white (in Cytisus, purple also) pealike blossoms. The common, or Scotch, broom (Cytisus scoparius) is naturalized in parts of North America; the tops have been much used as a diuretic. The Canary broom, or so-called genista of florists, is Cytisus canariensis, a yellow-flowered evergreen shrub. Species of the genus Genista include Genista tinctoria, called also dyer's-greenweed, which yields yellow-to-green dyes. Other plants are also called broom. Broom is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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broom

broom

Pretty shrub 8-11 ft (3.5m) with massive amounts of yellow flowers and seed pods that turn black later in year. When they burst open to release the legume-like seeds, they make a loud cracking sound. A very hardy plant that can withstand temperatures up to -25°C! A very invasive plant overtaking hillsides. Seeds can be ground and used as coffee substitute. Used for urinary tract problems, increase urine flow and regulate heart. Do not take if you have renal (kidney) problems. Contains toxic alkaloids that depress the heart and nervous system.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

broom

1. To press a layer of roofing material against bitumen which has just been applied, in order to achieve proper and complete bond between the roofing plies.
2. To brush the scratch coat of plaster with a broom to improve the mechanical adhesion of the brown coat, thus producing a broom finish.
3. To spread the head of a timber pile by impact.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

broom

traditional representation of humility. [Plant Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 167]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

broom

1. any of various yellow-flowered Eurasian leguminous shrubs of the genera Cytisus, Genista, and Spartium, esp C. scoparius
2. any of various similar Eurasian plants of the related genera Genista and Spartium
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"When we took her to hospital the next morning the doctors said she had touched hogweed. She was not using her hand very much and was feeling a bit sorry for herself."
Anyone who comes in contact with the weed is advised to cover up the affected area, to prevent the sap reacting with sunlight, and to wash it with soap and water Giant hogweed, an invasive species that resembles native cow parsley or hogweed, has large leaves, spotted leaf stalks and a hollow, reddish-purple stem with fine spines that make it appear furry, much like a stinging nettle.
People should not attempt to remove giant hogweed with their bare handsaworkers require gloves, goggles, and other protective equipment to safely eliminate the plant with herbicides, the Washington Post reports.
Rhodri Thomas, ecology service manager at the Peak District National Park, said: 'The concern is that the Giant Hogweed could spread elsewhere in the park.
King County alone has more than 1,000 giant hogweed sites, said Sean MacDougall, a noxious weed specialist there.
We're asking to keep children and away Councillor Coun David Lancaster, lead member for environment and community safety, said: "Giant Hogweed, which looks like a larger version of cow parsley, was brought from Russia by Victorian plant collectors as an ornamental plant.
The mum thanked Cwmcelyn Angling, who wrote to her on social media, for cutting the plants and said she wants to make other people aware of hogweed.
ABOUT COMMON HOGWEED...Common hogweed belongs to the same family as fennel, cow parsley, ground elder and giant hogweed - dubbed 'the most dangerous plant in Britain' The plant is common in herbaceous places, along roads, in hedges, meadows and woods, especially in mountain areas.
In North Wales, there are hogweed hotspots around Valley and Holyhead, Caernarfon, Abersoch, Llanbedrog, Llandudno and Llanrwst - and the school holidays could see a spike in injuries.
GIANT Hogweed is an invasive plant that is an increasing nuisance and can pose a serious health risk to people and pets.
After my column last week on giant hogweed and other poisonous plants, reader David Marsden from Bridlington, East Yorkshire, wrote in with these tips: "That was a very interesting article about poisonous plants in your garden.