holm oak

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holm oak

an evergreen Mediterranean oak tree, Quercus ilex, widely planted for ornament: the leaves are holly-like when young but become smooth-edged with age

Holm Oak


(Quercus ilex), an evergreen tree of the family Fagaceae. It grows to 25 m and has a smooth bark. The leaves are elliptical, leathery, shiny, tomentose beneath, and entire or serrate. The acorns are 2 to 3.5 cm long.

The tree is native to the Mediterranean region, where it isfound both in mixed groves and separate stands. In the USSRit is cultivated in the southern Crimea and in the Caucasus alongthe Black Sea coast (south of Sochi), where it bears abundantfruit every year. The holm oak is ornamental and grows rapidly, attaining a height of 22– m in 40–45 years. It is droughtresistant, does not require good soil, and can withstand shorttemperature drops to as low as — 20°C. The wood is very hardand durable, with a density of 1.14 g per cu cm, and has a browncore. It is valuable for building underwater structures, and thewood of the roots is used in woodworking. The bark contains upto 7.25 percent of tannins. The holm oak is also suitable forlandscaping and forestation.


References in periodicals archive ?
After the foliage depletion of these populations preferred host plants altitude migrate in search of holm oak which has a late debourement and other tree and shrub species such as Cistus crispus and Cistus salvifolius and heather species Erica scoparia and Erica arborea.
Comparative seasonal gas exchange andchlorophyll fluorescence of two dominant woody species in a holm oak forest.
The Holm oak is among six species, including Himalayan knotweed, large-flowered waterweed, pickerelweed, tree of heaven and Turkey oak, listed as "ones to watch" in the report.
Through a $72,500 grant, Holm Oak Vineyard will be able to buy winery equipment to significantly increase their production capacity, while $250,000 for Anchor Organics will help the company buy equipment to produce niche market baby potatoes.
Now it has been found in a beech, a horse chestnut and a holm oak at two locations in Cornwall.
There is mature wisteria, a fine holm oak, big croquet lawn with bay tree, horse chestnut, beech, further lawns, fruit trees and a high, period wall.
Holm Oak House at High Street, Chipping Campden, a carefully refurbished house with four bedrooms and a topiary garden, guide price pounds 875,000.
Also on the sunny side of the street is Holm Oak, particularly interesting for being one of the last unmodernised homes in the famous High Street.
The park also houses an important representation of holm oaks, cork oaks, quejigares, pine forests of black pine, junipers and riverbank forests.
One holly tree has died, and seven beech, horse chestnut, holm oaks and poplars with preservation orders are dying.
And it would dramatically shift vegetation in the region, famed for umbrella pines, olive groves, and holm oaks.