holm oak

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holm oak

an evergreen Mediterranean oak tree, Quercus ilex, widely planted for ornament: the leaves are holly-like when young but become smooth-edged with age

Holm Oak


(Quercus ilex), an evergreen tree of the family Fagaceae. It grows to 25 m and has a smooth bark. The leaves are elliptical, leathery, shiny, tomentose beneath, and entire or serrate. The acorns are 2 to 3.5 cm long.

The tree is native to the Mediterranean region, where it isfound both in mixed groves and separate stands. In the USSRit is cultivated in the southern Crimea and in the Caucasus alongthe Black Sea coast (south of Sochi), where it bears abundantfruit every year. The holm oak is ornamental and grows rapidly, attaining a height of 22– m in 40–45 years. It is droughtresistant, does not require good soil, and can withstand shorttemperature drops to as low as — 20°C. The wood is very hardand durable, with a density of 1.14 g per cu cm, and has a browncore. It is valuable for building underwater structures, and thewood of the roots is used in woodworking. The bark contains upto 7.25 percent of tannins. The holm oak is also suitable forlandscaping and forestation.


References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, we focus our attention on holm oak (Quercus ilex L.
Holm oak is a shade-tolerant, slow-growing species (Cartan-Son et al.
At Stackpole just a few miles along the coast from Lydstep on the South Pembrokeshire Limestone Special Area of Conservation we are tackling the Holm oak," he said.
The Holm oak is among six species, including Himalayan knotweed, large-flowered waterweed, pickerelweed, tree of heaven and Turkey oak, listed as "ones to watch" in the report.
Through a $72,500 grant, Holm Oak Vineyard will be able to buy winery equipment to significantly increase their production capacity, while $250,000 for Anchor Organics will help the company buy equipment to produce niche market baby potatoes.
Importantly, both these investments support jobs in the local area - with 10 new jobs being created at Anchor Organics and an additional 3 new jobs at Holm Oak Vineyard in the first year alone.
Also on the sunny side of the street is Holm Oak, particularly interesting for being one of the last unmodernised homes in the famous High Street.
Until now, the large bat had been located in mountainous regions such as the Eastern Pyrenees, the Cantabrian Mountains, the central mountain range or open Mediterranean landscapes where oaks, holm oaks and pines dominate.
In and around the Olympic village, acacias and evergreen Holm oaks are given prominence.
Two beautiful firecrests were showing well at Bodlondeb Park, Conwy in the Holm oaks and holly trees behind the Butterfly Jungle.