home economics


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

home economics,

study of homemaking and the relation of the home to the community. Formerly limited to problems of food (nutrition and cookery), clothing, sewing, textiles, household equipment, housecleaning, housing, hygiene, and household economics, it later came to include many aspects of family relations, parental education, consumer education, and institutional management. The application of scientific techniques to home economics was developed under the leadership of Ellen Henrietta Swallow RichardsRichards, Ellen Henrietta Swallow,
1842–1911, American chemist, educator, and organizer of the home economics movement, b. Dunstable, Mass., grad. Vassar, 1870. In 1870 she began the study of chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, being the first woman to
..... Click the link for more information.
; later an emphasis was placed on the social, economic, and aesthetic aspects. Although called in some countries home science, household arts, domestic science, or domestic economy, the subject is known today in the United States as home economics, and specialized terms are used for its subdivisions. The field of home economics has, at different times, emphasized training in needlework, cookery, the management of servants, the preparation of medicines, and food preservation; such instruction was once given mainly in the home and from a practical rather than a scientific standpoint. In the United States the teaching of cooking and sewing in the public schools was coincident with manual training for boys, beginning in the 1880s. State institutions, notably in Iowa, Kansas, and Illinois, pioneered in introducing home economics courses on the college level in the 1870s. In 1914, the Smith-Lever Act made federal funds available for extension work in home economics and agriculture, in cooperation with the states; through this provision, supplemented by later acts, home demonstration work is carried on in many rural localities. The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 instituted secondary school vocational education in home economics and other fields. Home economics, once taught only to women, is now taught to both men and women; in the United States home economics courses are taught mainly at the secondary school level, more commonly in rural than in urban areas. The International Federation of Home Economics, an organization devoted to the teaching of home economics on a worldwide basis, has members in over 60 countries.

Bibliography

See S. Schuler and E. M. Schuler, The Householders' Encyclopedia (1973); M. B. Tate, Home Economics As a Profession (2d ed. 1973).

home economics

the study of diet, budgeting, child care, textiles, and other subjects concerned with running a home
References in periodicals archive ?
The Board of Studies approved the syllabus for BS Home Economics, degree nomenclature, thesis writing and its presentation, credit hours for a particular degree program, course codes for subjects and others.
Mr Molosiwa further said Home Economics education facilitated the development of knowledge and skills, which in turn enhanced decision-making and established work or life balance.
The children found it to be a really positive experience, as well as a lot of hard work Home economics teacher Margaret Ramsay
The Forwards Girls Degree College, Hayatabad,got the first position in the team event and general category in the exhibition; the Peshawar Medical College won the quiz competition, and the Home Economics Collegesecured the first position in individual science innovative model.
Home economics will also be represented in the Teacher Education Council.
Speaking on Today FM, the 43-yearold told presenter Ian Dempsey: "I was the first boy in my school to do Home Economics which I think is a great subject.
Therefore, the study suggests that Home Economics curriculum can be a useful tool for moulding public behaviours and promoting sustainable development lifestyles in Pakistan.
The Old students who are called Old Teresans handed over the renovated home economics laboratory to the school management with a promise that they will continue to give back to the school which played a huge role in their lives and helped them to become what they are today individually.
"They had a great time at the Waitrose Cook School and it gave them a chance to hone their home economics skills.
Replying to a question, Dr Tariq said that the FG College of Home Economics and Management Sciences was the only institution offering BS Home Economics programme in the region since 1976.
There are too many home economics teachers in some junior high schools in Metro Manila and they can teach in senior high school (SHS), according to the Department of Education (DepEd).
Malebogo Lekgoa holds an MSc Home Economics (Food and Nutrition) from the University of the Free State, Bloemfontein campus, South Africa, HONS B Consumer Science (Food and Nutrition), North West University, Potchefstroom campus, South Africa, Bachelor of Education Degree in Home Economics (Food and Nutrition), University of Botswana and Diploma in Secondary Education, majoring in Home Economics and Science, Tonota College of Education, Botswana.

Full browser ?